Candidate isolated neutron stars and other optically blank X-ray fields identified from the rosat all-sky and sloan digital sky surveys

Marcel A. Agüeros, Scott F. Anderson, Bruce Margon, Bettina Posselt, Frank Haberl, Wolfgang Voges, James Annis, Donald P. Schneider, Jonathan Brinkmann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Only seven radio-quiet isolated neutron stars (INSs) emitting thermal X-rays are known, a sample that has yet to definitively address such fundamental issues as the equation of state of degenerate neutron matter. We describe a selection algorithm based on a cross-correlation of the ROSA T All-Sky Survey (RASS) and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) that identifies X-ray error circles devoid of plausible optical counterparts to the SDSS g ∼ 22 mag limit. We quantitatively characterize these error circles as optically blank; they may host INSs or other similarly exotic X-ray sources such as radio-quiet BL Lac objects and obscured active galactic nuclei. Our search is an order of magnitude more selective than previous searches for optically blank RASS error circles and excludes the 99.9% of error circles that contain more common X-ray-emitting subclasses. We find 11 candidates, 9 of which are new. While our search is designed to find the best INS candidates and not to produce a complete list of INSs in the RASS, it is reassuring that our number of candidates is consistent with predictions from INS population models. Further X-ray observations will obtain pinpoint positions and determine whether these sources are entirely optically blank at g ∼ 22, supporting the presence of likely INSs and perhaps enabling detailed follow-up studies of neutron star physics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1740-1749
Number of pages10
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

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neutron stars
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x rays
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equation of state
physics
active galactic nuclei
lists
cross correlation
equations of state
prediction
neutrons
predictions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Agüeros, M. A., Anderson, S. F., Margon, B., Posselt, B., Haberl, F., Voges, W., ... Brinkmann, J. (2006). Candidate isolated neutron stars and other optically blank X-ray fields identified from the rosat all-sky and sloan digital sky surveys. Astronomical Journal, 131(3), 1740-1749. https://doi.org/10.1086/500049
Agüeros, Marcel A. ; Anderson, Scott F. ; Margon, Bruce ; Posselt, Bettina ; Haberl, Frank ; Voges, Wolfgang ; Annis, James ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Brinkmann, Jonathan. / Candidate isolated neutron stars and other optically blank X-ray fields identified from the rosat all-sky and sloan digital sky surveys. In: Astronomical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 131, No. 3. pp. 1740-1749.
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abstract = "Only seven radio-quiet isolated neutron stars (INSs) emitting thermal X-rays are known, a sample that has yet to definitively address such fundamental issues as the equation of state of degenerate neutron matter. We describe a selection algorithm based on a cross-correlation of the ROSA T All-Sky Survey (RASS) and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) that identifies X-ray error circles devoid of plausible optical counterparts to the SDSS g ∼ 22 mag limit. We quantitatively characterize these error circles as optically blank; they may host INSs or other similarly exotic X-ray sources such as radio-quiet BL Lac objects and obscured active galactic nuclei. Our search is an order of magnitude more selective than previous searches for optically blank RASS error circles and excludes the 99.9{\%} of error circles that contain more common X-ray-emitting subclasses. We find 11 candidates, 9 of which are new. While our search is designed to find the best INS candidates and not to produce a complete list of INSs in the RASS, it is reassuring that our number of candidates is consistent with predictions from INS population models. Further X-ray observations will obtain pinpoint positions and determine whether these sources are entirely optically blank at g ∼ 22, supporting the presence of likely INSs and perhaps enabling detailed follow-up studies of neutron star physics.",
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Agüeros, MA, Anderson, SF, Margon, B, Posselt, B, Haberl, F, Voges, W, Annis, J, Schneider, DP & Brinkmann, J 2006, 'Candidate isolated neutron stars and other optically blank X-ray fields identified from the rosat all-sky and sloan digital sky surveys', Astronomical Journal, vol. 131, no. 3, pp. 1740-1749. https://doi.org/10.1086/500049

Candidate isolated neutron stars and other optically blank X-ray fields identified from the rosat all-sky and sloan digital sky surveys. / Agüeros, Marcel A.; Anderson, Scott F.; Margon, Bruce; Posselt, Bettina; Haberl, Frank; Voges, Wolfgang; Annis, James; Schneider, Donald P.; Brinkmann, Jonathan.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 131, No. 3, 01.03.2006, p. 1740-1749.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Candidate isolated neutron stars and other optically blank X-ray fields identified from the rosat all-sky and sloan digital sky surveys

AU - Agüeros, Marcel A.

AU - Anderson, Scott F.

AU - Margon, Bruce

AU - Posselt, Bettina

AU - Haberl, Frank

AU - Voges, Wolfgang

AU - Annis, James

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - Brinkmann, Jonathan

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N2 - Only seven radio-quiet isolated neutron stars (INSs) emitting thermal X-rays are known, a sample that has yet to definitively address such fundamental issues as the equation of state of degenerate neutron matter. We describe a selection algorithm based on a cross-correlation of the ROSA T All-Sky Survey (RASS) and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) that identifies X-ray error circles devoid of plausible optical counterparts to the SDSS g ∼ 22 mag limit. We quantitatively characterize these error circles as optically blank; they may host INSs or other similarly exotic X-ray sources such as radio-quiet BL Lac objects and obscured active galactic nuclei. Our search is an order of magnitude more selective than previous searches for optically blank RASS error circles and excludes the 99.9% of error circles that contain more common X-ray-emitting subclasses. We find 11 candidates, 9 of which are new. While our search is designed to find the best INS candidates and not to produce a complete list of INSs in the RASS, it is reassuring that our number of candidates is consistent with predictions from INS population models. Further X-ray observations will obtain pinpoint positions and determine whether these sources are entirely optically blank at g ∼ 22, supporting the presence of likely INSs and perhaps enabling detailed follow-up studies of neutron star physics.

AB - Only seven radio-quiet isolated neutron stars (INSs) emitting thermal X-rays are known, a sample that has yet to definitively address such fundamental issues as the equation of state of degenerate neutron matter. We describe a selection algorithm based on a cross-correlation of the ROSA T All-Sky Survey (RASS) and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) that identifies X-ray error circles devoid of plausible optical counterparts to the SDSS g ∼ 22 mag limit. We quantitatively characterize these error circles as optically blank; they may host INSs or other similarly exotic X-ray sources such as radio-quiet BL Lac objects and obscured active galactic nuclei. Our search is an order of magnitude more selective than previous searches for optically blank RASS error circles and excludes the 99.9% of error circles that contain more common X-ray-emitting subclasses. We find 11 candidates, 9 of which are new. While our search is designed to find the best INS candidates and not to produce a complete list of INSs in the RASS, it is reassuring that our number of candidates is consistent with predictions from INS population models. Further X-ray observations will obtain pinpoint positions and determine whether these sources are entirely optically blank at g ∼ 22, supporting the presence of likely INSs and perhaps enabling detailed follow-up studies of neutron star physics.

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