Capitalizing on Criminal Accomplices: Considering the Relationship between Co-offending and Illegal Earnings

Zachary R. Rowan, Jean Marie McGloin, Holly Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates whether co-offending offers an avenue towards criminal success. Specifically, it considers if current and prior co-offending experience is related to the probability of reporting illegal earnings as well as the amount of these earnings. Using data from the Pathways to Desistance Study, we estimated fixed-and random-effects models to test whether co-offending experience is related to self-reported illegal earnings. The models also estimated whether “historical” co-offending experience predicted current illegal earnings. Across both modeling strategies, current and historical co-offending predicted the probability of reporting non-zero illegal earnings, net of offending frequency and controls. There is minimal evidence of a relationship between co-offending experience and the amount of illegal earnings, however. These findings lead us to conclude that access to a relatively common criminal connection—the co-offender—offers tangible benefits to adolescent offenders, primarily by affecting their ability to translate criminal opportunities into monetary gain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-308
Number of pages29
JournalJustice Quarterly
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 23 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

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