Carbon-aware energy capacity planning for datacenters

Chuangang Ren, Di Wang, Bhuvan Urgaonkar, Anand Sivasubramaniam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Datacenters are facing increasing pressure to cap their carbon footprints at low cost. Recent work has shown the significant environmental benefits of using renewable energy for datacenters by supply-following techniques (workload scheduling, geographical load balancing, etc.) However, all such prior work has only considered on-site renewable generation when numerous other options also exist, which may be superior to on-site renewables for many datacenters. Alternative ways for datacenters to incorporate renewable energy into their overall energy portfolio include: construction of or investment into off-site renewable farms at locations with more abundant renewable energy potential, indirect purchase of renewable energy through buying renewable energy certificates (RECs), purchase of renewable energy products such as power purchase agreements (PPAs) or through third-party renewable providers. We propose a general, optimization-based framework to minimize datacenter costs in the presence of different carbon footprint reduction goals, renewable energy characteristics, policies, utility tariff, and energy storage devices (ESDs). We expect that our work can help datacenter operators make informed decisions about sustainable, renewable-energy-powered IT system design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2012 IEEE 20th International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems, MASCOTS 2012
Pages391-400
Number of pages10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 6 2012
Event2012 IEEE 20th International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems, MASCOTS 2012 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Aug 7 2012Aug 9 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2012 IEEE 20th International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems, MASCOTS 2012

Other

Other2012 IEEE 20th International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems, MASCOTS 2012
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period8/7/128/9/12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Communication

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    Ren, C., Wang, D., Urgaonkar, B., & Sivasubramaniam, A. (2012). Carbon-aware energy capacity planning for datacenters. In Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 20th International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems, MASCOTS 2012 (pp. 391-400). [6298199] (Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 20th International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems, MASCOTS 2012). https://doi.org/10.1109/MASCOTS.2012.51