Carbon isotopic composition of individual Precambrian microfossils

Christopher H. House, J. W. Schopf, K. D. McKeegan, C. D. Coath, T. M. Harrison, K. O. Stetter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ion microprobe measurements of carbon isotope ratios were made in 30 specimens representing six fossil genera of microorganisms petrified in stromatolitic chert from the ~850 Ma Bitter Springs Formation, Australia, and the ~2100 Ma Gunflint Formation, Canada. The δ 13 C PDB values from individual microfossils of the Bitter Springs Formation ranged from -21.3 ± 1.7‰ to -31.9 ± 1.2‰, and the δ 13 C PDB values from microfossils of the Gunflint Formation ranged from -32.4 ± 0.7‰ to -45.4 ± 1.2‰. With the exception of two highly 13 C-depleted Gunflint microfossils, the results generally yield values consistent with carbon fixation via either the Calvin cycle or the acetyl-CoA pathway. However, the isotopic results are not consistent with the degree of fractionation expected from either the 3-hydroxypropionate cycle or the reductive tricarboxylic acid cycle, suggesting that the microfossils studied did not use either of these pathways for carbon fixation. The morphologies of the microfossils suggest an affinity to the cyanobacteria, and our carbon isotopic data are consistent with this assignment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-710
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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microfossil
Precambrian
isotopic composition
carbon
carbon fixation
carbon isotope ratio
ion microprobe
chert
cyanobacterium
fractionation
microorganism
fossil
acid

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

Cite this

House, C. H., Schopf, J. W., McKeegan, K. D., Coath, C. D., Harrison, T. M., & Stetter, K. O. (2000). Carbon isotopic composition of individual Precambrian microfossils. Geology, 28(8), 707-710. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2000)028<0707:CICOIP>2.3.CO;2
House, Christopher H. ; Schopf, J. W. ; McKeegan, K. D. ; Coath, C. D. ; Harrison, T. M. ; Stetter, K. O. / Carbon isotopic composition of individual Precambrian microfossils. In: Geology. 2000 ; Vol. 28, No. 8. pp. 707-710.
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House, CH, Schopf, JW, McKeegan, KD, Coath, CD, Harrison, TM & Stetter, KO 2000, 'Carbon isotopic composition of individual Precambrian microfossils', Geology, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 707-710. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2000)028<0707:CICOIP>2.3.CO;2

Carbon isotopic composition of individual Precambrian microfossils. / House, Christopher H.; Schopf, J. W.; McKeegan, K. D.; Coath, C. D.; Harrison, T. M.; Stetter, K. O.

In: Geology, Vol. 28, No. 8, 01.01.2000, p. 707-710.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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