Carbon membranes: A viable technology for the recovery and purification of hydrogen gas

Anna Merritt, Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan, Henry C. Foley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

High throughput, asymmetric carbon membranes derived from the pyrolysis of polyfurfuryl alcohol (PFA) have been fabricated on a novel support composed of porous stainless steel filled with nanoparticles. Variation of PFA molecular weight was found to have a significant impact on the single gas permeances of resultant carbon membranes. High molecular weight precursor materials yielded the best results; oxygen permeance values for membranes synthesized from high molecular weight resins were on the order of ∼1×10-8 mol m-2s-1Pa-1 with oxygen over nitrogen ideal selectivities of greater than 7. Binary separations of hydrogen from nitrogen and hydrogen from carbon monoxide were carried out using a nanoporous carbon (NPC) membrane synthesized from high molecular weight precursor material. For both separations, hydrogen purities of better than 99% by volume were obtained in the permeate stream.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHydrogen Storage Technologies
PublisherMaterials Research Society
Pages25-29
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781604234206
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Event2006 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 27 2006Dec 1 2006

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume971
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

Other2006 MRS Fall Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period11/27/0612/1/06

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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