Carbon nanotube fiber microelectrodes show a higher resistance to dopamine fouling

Wolfgang Harreither, Raphaël Trouillon, Philippe Poulin, Wilfrid Neri, Andrew G. Ewing, Gulnara Safina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have compared the properties and resistance to DA fouling of a carbon nanotube fiber (CNTF) microelectrode to a traditional carbon fiber (CF) microelectrode. These two materials show comparable electrochemical activities for outer-sphere and inner-sphere redox reactions. Although the CNTF might have a higher intrinsic RC constant, thus limiting its high-frequency behavior, the CNTF shows a significantly higher durability than the CF in terms of electrode stability. During constant oxidation of 100 μM DA, the signal measured by the CNTF microelectrode shows a 2-h window over which no decrease in current is observed. Under the same conditions, the current obtained at the CF microelectrode decreases by almost 50%. A model of the fouling process, assuming the formation of growing patches of insulator on the surface, has been compared to the data. This model is found to be in good agreement with our results and indicates a growth rate of the patches in the 0.1-2 nm s-1 range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7447-7453
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume85
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry

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