Carbon science in 2016: Status, challenges and perspectives

Jin Zhang, Mauricio Terrones Maldonado, Chong Rae Park, Rahul Mukherjee, Marc Monthioux, Nikhil Koratkar, Yern Seung Kim, Robert Hurt, Elzbieta Frackowiak, Toshiaki Enoki, Yuan Chen, Yongsheng Chen, Alberto Bianco

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

125 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several researchers share their perspective on the status and challenges faced by the carbon science in 2016. In addition to chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and hydrosolvo/thermal processes, alternative innovative growth techniques of these hypothetical 3D solids should now be a focus for carbon researchers. Recently, it has been demonstrated that graphene nanoribbons with specific diameters and nanotubes with desired helicity could be synthesized by careful polymerization of aromatic molecules. New theoretical studies using the nanotube/catalyst interface thermodynamics and the kinetic growth theories have widened the understanding of chirality selectivity towards near-armchair tubes. In 2013, a novel method based on aqueous-two polymer phase separation has emerged as an easily accessible and versatile approach for sorting nanotubes which is promising for low-cost scalable production of high-purity SWCNTs. Gel chromatograph based separation methods have also yielded high-purity single chirality optical isomers. New carbon materials are key components in alternative energy technologies that include electrodes for batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and electrolytic cells for hydrogen production from water. They are also of interest as transparent conductors in solar cells, bipolar plates in fuel cells, lightweight materials that save energy in aircraft and automotive operations, and catalysts or catalyst supports for energy transformations that include carbon dioxide reduction into fuels and commercial chemicals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)708-732
Number of pages25
JournalCarbon
Volume98
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Nanotubes
Fuel cells
Carbon
Chirality
Electrolytic cells
Nanoribbons
Catalysts
Carbon Nanotubes
Graphite
Growth kinetics
Hydrogen production
Sorting
Catalyst supports
Carbon Dioxide
Phase separation
Isomers
Graphene
Chemical vapor deposition
Carbon dioxide
Solar cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Zhang, J., Terrones Maldonado, M., Park, C. R., Mukherjee, R., Monthioux, M., Koratkar, N., ... Bianco, A. (2016). Carbon science in 2016: Status, challenges and perspectives. Carbon, 98, 708-732. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2015.11.060
Zhang, Jin ; Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio ; Park, Chong Rae ; Mukherjee, Rahul ; Monthioux, Marc ; Koratkar, Nikhil ; Kim, Yern Seung ; Hurt, Robert ; Frackowiak, Elzbieta ; Enoki, Toshiaki ; Chen, Yuan ; Chen, Yongsheng ; Bianco, Alberto. / Carbon science in 2016 : Status, challenges and perspectives. In: Carbon. 2016 ; Vol. 98. pp. 708-732.
@article{4b672f7ca67947f8aa357e3774e8b6da,
title = "Carbon science in 2016: Status, challenges and perspectives",
abstract = "Several researchers share their perspective on the status and challenges faced by the carbon science in 2016. In addition to chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and hydrosolvo/thermal processes, alternative innovative growth techniques of these hypothetical 3D solids should now be a focus for carbon researchers. Recently, it has been demonstrated that graphene nanoribbons with specific diameters and nanotubes with desired helicity could be synthesized by careful polymerization of aromatic molecules. New theoretical studies using the nanotube/catalyst interface thermodynamics and the kinetic growth theories have widened the understanding of chirality selectivity towards near-armchair tubes. In 2013, a novel method based on aqueous-two polymer phase separation has emerged as an easily accessible and versatile approach for sorting nanotubes which is promising for low-cost scalable production of high-purity SWCNTs. Gel chromatograph based separation methods have also yielded high-purity single chirality optical isomers. New carbon materials are key components in alternative energy technologies that include electrodes for batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and electrolytic cells for hydrogen production from water. They are also of interest as transparent conductors in solar cells, bipolar plates in fuel cells, lightweight materials that save energy in aircraft and automotive operations, and catalysts or catalyst supports for energy transformations that include carbon dioxide reduction into fuels and commercial chemicals.",
author = "Jin Zhang and {Terrones Maldonado}, Mauricio and Park, {Chong Rae} and Rahul Mukherjee and Marc Monthioux and Nikhil Koratkar and Kim, {Yern Seung} and Robert Hurt and Elzbieta Frackowiak and Toshiaki Enoki and Yuan Chen and Yongsheng Chen and Alberto Bianco",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.carbon.2015.11.060",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "98",
pages = "708--732",
journal = "Carbon",
issn = "0008-6223",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

Zhang, J, Terrones Maldonado, M, Park, CR, Mukherjee, R, Monthioux, M, Koratkar, N, Kim, YS, Hurt, R, Frackowiak, E, Enoki, T, Chen, Y, Chen, Y & Bianco, A 2016, 'Carbon science in 2016: Status, challenges and perspectives', Carbon, vol. 98, pp. 708-732. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2015.11.060

Carbon science in 2016 : Status, challenges and perspectives. / Zhang, Jin; Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio; Park, Chong Rae; Mukherjee, Rahul; Monthioux, Marc; Koratkar, Nikhil; Kim, Yern Seung; Hurt, Robert; Frackowiak, Elzbieta; Enoki, Toshiaki; Chen, Yuan; Chen, Yongsheng; Bianco, Alberto.

In: Carbon, Vol. 98, 01.01.2016, p. 708-732.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Carbon science in 2016

T2 - Status, challenges and perspectives

AU - Zhang, Jin

AU - Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio

AU - Park, Chong Rae

AU - Mukherjee, Rahul

AU - Monthioux, Marc

AU - Koratkar, Nikhil

AU - Kim, Yern Seung

AU - Hurt, Robert

AU - Frackowiak, Elzbieta

AU - Enoki, Toshiaki

AU - Chen, Yuan

AU - Chen, Yongsheng

AU - Bianco, Alberto

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Several researchers share their perspective on the status and challenges faced by the carbon science in 2016. In addition to chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and hydrosolvo/thermal processes, alternative innovative growth techniques of these hypothetical 3D solids should now be a focus for carbon researchers. Recently, it has been demonstrated that graphene nanoribbons with specific diameters and nanotubes with desired helicity could be synthesized by careful polymerization of aromatic molecules. New theoretical studies using the nanotube/catalyst interface thermodynamics and the kinetic growth theories have widened the understanding of chirality selectivity towards near-armchair tubes. In 2013, a novel method based on aqueous-two polymer phase separation has emerged as an easily accessible and versatile approach for sorting nanotubes which is promising for low-cost scalable production of high-purity SWCNTs. Gel chromatograph based separation methods have also yielded high-purity single chirality optical isomers. New carbon materials are key components in alternative energy technologies that include electrodes for batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and electrolytic cells for hydrogen production from water. They are also of interest as transparent conductors in solar cells, bipolar plates in fuel cells, lightweight materials that save energy in aircraft and automotive operations, and catalysts or catalyst supports for energy transformations that include carbon dioxide reduction into fuels and commercial chemicals.

AB - Several researchers share their perspective on the status and challenges faced by the carbon science in 2016. In addition to chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and hydrosolvo/thermal processes, alternative innovative growth techniques of these hypothetical 3D solids should now be a focus for carbon researchers. Recently, it has been demonstrated that graphene nanoribbons with specific diameters and nanotubes with desired helicity could be synthesized by careful polymerization of aromatic molecules. New theoretical studies using the nanotube/catalyst interface thermodynamics and the kinetic growth theories have widened the understanding of chirality selectivity towards near-armchair tubes. In 2013, a novel method based on aqueous-two polymer phase separation has emerged as an easily accessible and versatile approach for sorting nanotubes which is promising for low-cost scalable production of high-purity SWCNTs. Gel chromatograph based separation methods have also yielded high-purity single chirality optical isomers. New carbon materials are key components in alternative energy technologies that include electrodes for batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and electrolytic cells for hydrogen production from water. They are also of interest as transparent conductors in solar cells, bipolar plates in fuel cells, lightweight materials that save energy in aircraft and automotive operations, and catalysts or catalyst supports for energy transformations that include carbon dioxide reduction into fuels and commercial chemicals.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955300158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84955300158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.carbon.2015.11.060

DO - 10.1016/j.carbon.2015.11.060

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:84955300158

VL - 98

SP - 708

EP - 732

JO - Carbon

JF - Carbon

SN - 0008-6223

ER -

Zhang J, Terrones Maldonado M, Park CR, Mukherjee R, Monthioux M, Koratkar N et al. Carbon science in 2016: Status, challenges and perspectives. Carbon. 2016 Jan 1;98:708-732. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2015.11.060