Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Inhibition of the beta-class enzyme from the methanoarchaeon Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum (Cab) with anions

Alessio Innocenti, Sabrina Zimmerman, James Ferry, Andrea Scozzafava, Claudiu Supuran

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46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first inhibition study of the β-class carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) from the methanoarchaeon Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum (Cab) with anions is reported here. Inhibition data of the α-class human isozymes hCA I and hCA II (cytosolic) as well as the membrane-bound isozyme hCA IV and the γ-class enzyme from another archaeon, Methanosarcina thermophila (Cam) with a large number of anionic species such as halides, pseudohalides, bicarbonate, carbonate, nitrate, nitrite, hydrosulfide, bisulfite, sulfate, etc., are also provided for comparison. The best Cab anion inhibitors were thiocyanate and hydrogen sulfide, with inhibition constants in the range of 0.52-0.70 mM, whereas cyanate, iodide, carbonate, and nitrate were weaker inhibitors (K i's in the range of 7.8-13.2 mM). Fluoride, chloride, and sulfate do not inhibit this enzyme appreciably, whereas the CA substrate bicarbonate, or other anions, such as bromide, nitrite, bisulfite, or sulfamate behave as weak inhibitors (K i in the range of 40-45 mM). It is interesting to note that the metal poison, coordinating anions cyanide and azide are also rather weak Cab inhibitors (K i in the range of 27-55 mM), whereas sulfamide is a very weak Cab inhibitor (K i of 103 mM), although it strongly inhibits Cam (K i of 70 μM). Surprisingly, phenylboronic and phenylarsonic acids, which have been investigated for the inhibition of all these CAs for the first time, showed very weak activity against the α-CA isozymes, but were effective Cab and Cam inhibitors. The best Cab inhibitors were just these two compounds (K i's of 0.20-0.33 mM), whereas the best Cam inhibitor was sulfamic acid (K i of 96 nM). These major differences of behavior between the diverse CAs investigated here toward anion inhibitors can be difficultly explained considering the convergent evolution of so diverse enzymes for the binding and turnover of small molecules such as carbon dioxide and anions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4563-4567
Number of pages5
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume14
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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