Cardiac resynchronization therapy and obstructive sleep-related breathing disorder in patients with congestive heart failure

Alaa Shalaby, Charles W. Atwood, Faith Selzer, Matthew Suffoletto, John Gorcsan, Patrick Strollo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with or without atrial overdrive pacing, on sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD). Introduction: CRT may have a positive influence on SRBD in patients who qualify for the therapy. Data are inconclusive in patients with obstructive SRBD. Methods: Consenting patients eligible for CRT underwent a baseline polysomnography (PSG) 2 weeks after implantation during which pacing was withheld. Patients with an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15 but <50 were enrolled and randomized to atrial overdrive pacing (DDD) versus atrial synchronous pacing (VDD) with biventricular pacing in both arms. Patients underwent two further PSGs 12 weeks apart. Results: Nineteen men with New York Heart Association class III congestive heart failure participated in the study (age 67.2 ± 7.5, Caucasian 78.9%, ischemic 73.7%). The score on Epworth Sleepiness Score was 7.3 ± 4.0, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index 7.4 ± 3.1, and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire 36.9 ± 21.9. There were no differences between the groups. At baseline, patients exhibited poor sleep efficiency (65.3 ± 16.6%) with nadir oxygen saturation of 83.5 ± 5.3% and moderate to severe SRBD (AHI 21.5 ± 15.3) that was mainly obstructive (central apnea index 3.3 ± 6.7/hour). On both followup assessments, there was no improvement in indices of SRBD (sleep efficiency [68.3 ± 17.9%], nadir oxygen saturation of 82.8 ± 4.6%, and AHI 24.9 ± 21.9). Conclusion: In a cohort of elderly male CHF patients receiving CRT, CRT had no impact on obstructive SRBD burden with or without atrial overdrive pacing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-603
Number of pages11
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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