Cardiac tamponade from acute pericarditis associated with a cystic fibrosis (CF) lung infection

Manuel F. Betancourt, Michael G. Benninghoff, Robert Vender, Jennifer Grando Ting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetically inherited autosomal recessive disease characterized by dehydration of the airway surface liquid and impaired mucociliary clearance leading to chronic respiratory infections, bronchiectasis and ultimately death from respiratory causes. Common pulmonary related complications resulting from bronchiectasis include pneumothorax and hemoptysis. A rare, seldom reported complication is acute pericarditis complicating cystic fibrosis. Our review of the literature identified only a single case of culture-proven purulent pericarditis attributed to Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a patient receiving systemic corticosteroids. A second reported case of acute pericarditis in a CF patient was attributed to Mycoplasma pneumoniae which is a known cause of infectious-related pericarditis independent of CF. Both cases required open pericardial drainage with 1 fatality. Here we present a case of cardiac tamponade from a fibrinous pericardial effusion in a 21-year-old female as a complication of CF related parenchymal lung disease. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a non-infectious parapneumonic pericardial effusion causing near fatal cardiac tamponade as a complication of CF lung disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-159
Number of pages4
JournalRespiratory Medicine CME
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

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Cardiac Tamponade
Pericarditis
Cystic Fibrosis
Lung
Infection
Bronchiectasis
Pericardial Effusion
Lung Diseases
Mucociliary Clearance
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Hemoptysis
Pneumothorax
Dehydration
Respiratory Tract Infections
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Drainage
Cause of Death
Adrenal Cortex Hormones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Betancourt, Manuel F. ; Benninghoff, Michael G. ; Vender, Robert ; Grando Ting, Jennifer. / Cardiac tamponade from acute pericarditis associated with a cystic fibrosis (CF) lung infection. In: Respiratory Medicine CME. 2010 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 156-159.
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Cardiac tamponade from acute pericarditis associated with a cystic fibrosis (CF) lung infection. / Betancourt, Manuel F.; Benninghoff, Michael G.; Vender, Robert; Grando Ting, Jennifer.

In: Respiratory Medicine CME, Vol. 3, No. 3, 01.01.2010, p. 156-159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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