Cardiometabolic risks associated with work-to-family conflict: findings from the Work Family Health Network

Emily O’Donnell, Lisa F. Berkman, Erin Kelly, Leslie Hammer, Jessica Marden, Orfeu M. Buxton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Work and family stressors may be associated with elevated cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: To assess the effects of work-to-family conflict (WTFC) on biomarkers of cardiometabolic risk, we examined 1524 extended care employees over 18 months and estimated multilevel linear models that accounted for the nested nature of the data. Results: WTFC was positively associated with BMI [β = 0.53, CI = (0.08, 0.98), p =.02 at baseline and β = 0.59, CI = (0.12, 1.04), p =.01 across the 18-month study period] and negatively with HDL cholesterol [β = −0.32, CI = (−0.57, −0.08), p =.01 across the 18-month study period]. The rate of change in BMI from baseline to 18 months increased with higher levels of WTFC as well (β = 0.08, CI = (0.03, 0.15), p =.0007). However, WTFC was not associated with other variables reflecting cardiometabolic risk, such as including blood pressure, cholesterol, glycosylated hemoglobin and cigarette smoking status. Conclusion: Findings suggest that BMI, which is linked to potentially malleable health behaviors, is more closely related to inter-role conflict than biological markers reflecting longer-term physiologic processes. These effects are exacerbated over time and may be particularly detrimental to already overweight and obese individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-228
Number of pages26
JournalCommunity, Work and Family
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019

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family work
health
role conflict
hemoglobin
linear model
smoking
health behavior
risk factor
biomarker
blood
employee
family
conflict
effect

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

O’Donnell, Emily ; Berkman, Lisa F. ; Kelly, Erin ; Hammer, Leslie ; Marden, Jessica ; Buxton, Orfeu M. / Cardiometabolic risks associated with work-to-family conflict : findings from the Work Family Health Network. In: Community, Work and Family. 2019 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 203-228.
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Cardiometabolic risks associated with work-to-family conflict : findings from the Work Family Health Network. / O’Donnell, Emily; Berkman, Lisa F.; Kelly, Erin; Hammer, Leslie; Marden, Jessica; Buxton, Orfeu M.

In: Community, Work and Family, Vol. 22, No. 2, 15.03.2019, p. 203-228.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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