The purpose of this study is to briefly summarize cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) techniques and clinical outcomes in Beijing Fuwai Hospital. This article introduces routine CPB techniques in Fuwai Hospital, including CPB instruments, circuit setup, priming, conventional CPB management, myocardial protection, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, ultrafiltration, autologous cell saver blood transfusion, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Clinical outcomes and further improvements of CPB management are also discussed. In 2008, 7,607 cases of cardiac surgery were performed in Fuwai Hospital, including congenital heart disease (48.33%), coronary artery disease (23.30%), rheumatic heart disease (19.45%), blood vessel disease (5.90%), reoperative surgery (1.70%), and other diseases (1.33%). The use of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in isolated CABG was >50%. Thirty-eight cases of heart transplantation were also included. Total operative mortality in 2008 was 1.2%. Average postoperative stay was 9.5 days. CPB time was <120 minutes in >70% of the patients, and aortic cross-clamping time was <60 minutes in >50% of the cases. The self-recovery rate in the blood cardioplegia group (69.50%) was lower than the crystalloid cardioplegia group (97.40%). Thirty-five patients underwent cardiac surgery, and one patient from the cardiac internal medicine wards required ECMO support. Twenty-seven patients (75%, mean support time: 123.6 ± 54.1 hours) were weaned off ECMO successfully and discharged without severe complications. In conclusion, clinical CPB protocol used in Beijing Fuwai Hospital is a safe, simple, and conventional CPB management system that is suitable for practical clinical application in China. Further optimization is still needed to improve perfusion quality.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering