Carpal tunnel syndrome effects on grip force coordination

Brian D. Lowe, Andris Freivalds

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) on the coordination between grip force on and the force applied with a hand tool. A simulated tool device was developed to measure pinch grip force exerted on the tool and the force applied with the tool to a workpiece. Two measures of grip force coordination efficiency were calculated for seven subjects with diagnoses of carpal tunnel syndrome and seven controls. The dependent measures reflected subjects' abilities to (1) modulate grip force in parallel with the tool application force and (2) minimize the ratio of grip force to application force when dynamically applying forces with the tool. The parallel modulation of grip force with application force was 12% lower (p<0.05) and the ratio of grip force to application force was 54% higher (p<0.05) for the CTS group than for the controls. These results suggest that individuals with carpal tunnel syndrome lose some ability to efficiently coordinate grip force with tool application force.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)851-855
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Volume2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998
EventProceedings of the 1998 42nd Annual Meeting 'Human Factors and Ergonomics Society' - Chicago, IL, USA
Duration: Oct 5 1998Oct 9 1998

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Electron tunneling
Tunnels
Hand tools
ability
Modulation
efficiency

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Cite this

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abstract = "This study investigated the effects of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) on the coordination between grip force on and the force applied with a hand tool. A simulated tool device was developed to measure pinch grip force exerted on the tool and the force applied with the tool to a workpiece. Two measures of grip force coordination efficiency were calculated for seven subjects with diagnoses of carpal tunnel syndrome and seven controls. The dependent measures reflected subjects' abilities to (1) modulate grip force in parallel with the tool application force and (2) minimize the ratio of grip force to application force when dynamically applying forces with the tool. The parallel modulation of grip force with application force was 12{\%} lower (p<0.05) and the ratio of grip force to application force was 54{\%} higher (p<0.05) for the CTS group than for the controls. These results suggest that individuals with carpal tunnel syndrome lose some ability to efficiently coordinate grip force with tool application force.",
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Carpal tunnel syndrome effects on grip force coordination. / Lowe, Brian D.; Freivalds, Andris.

In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Vol. 2, 01.12.1998, p. 851-855.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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