Effective treatments for human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8) associated multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) have led to prolonged survival for this complex systemic lymphoproliferative inflammatory disease. Nonetheless, significant challenges remain for the recognition of disease exacerbations, particularly when overlapping with common comorbid conditions. We present a case of a 60-year-old man with a 22-year history of MCD, current advanced COPD, and medication-controlled HIV. His recurrent presentations with flares of fatigue, worsening dyspnea, and productive cough were confusing to clinicians who were attempting to distinguish between exacerbations of MCD or COPD. Published biomarkers of MCD flare include HHV-8 and CRP, which were proposed by the patient to his clinicians as useful in guiding treatment. This case illustrates the value of patient insight as an antidote to the problem of availability bias.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine