Catalytic conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates to useful chemicals in one step

Weiran Yang, Ayusman Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

With diminishing fossil fuel reserves, the production of liquid fuels and value-added chemicals directly from biomass is of great current interest. Here, we show that biomass derived carbohydrates such as fructose, glucose, and even cellulose can be catalytically converted to 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran, 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, 2-methyltetrahydropyran, 2-ethyltetrahydrofuran, and 2-methylcyclopentanone in one step. The total yield of these chemicals is relatively high. These chemicals are commercially important as solvents or starting materials. Also, since these liquid chemicals have high energy density and low solubility in water, they can be used as liquid fuels or fuel additives. A multifunctional catalyst composed of a transition metal-based component and an acid was employed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Event240th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Aug 22 2010Aug 26 2010

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Carbohydrates
Biomass
Liquid fuels
Fuel additives
Fructose
Fossil fuels
Cellulose
Transition metals
Glucose
Solubility
Catalysts
Acids
Water
Liquids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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Catalytic conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates to useful chemicals in one step. / Yang, Weiran; Sen, Ayusman.

In: ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 01.12.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Catalytic conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates to useful chemicals in one step

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AU - Sen, Ayusman

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