Cation binding to the monovalent cation selective channel, gramicidin A, is shown to induce changes in the dipolar and chemical shift observables from uniformly aligned samples. While these changes could be the result of structural or dynamic changes, they are shown to be primarily induced by through-bond polarizability effects when cations are solvated by the carbonyl oxygens of the peptide backbone. Upon cation binding partial charges are changed throughout the peptide plane, inducing large changes in the 13 C 1 chemical shifts, smaller changes in the 15 N chemical shifts, and even smaller effects for the 15 N- 13 C 1 and 15 N- 2 H dipolar interactions. These conclusions are substantiated by characterizing the 15 N chemical shift tensors in the presence and absence of cations in fast-frozen lipid bilayer preparations of gramicidin A.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics