CCD photometry of the globular cluster NGC 5986 and its post-asymptotic giant branch and RR Lyrae stars

David R. Alves, Howard E. Bond, Christopher Onken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have obtained new CCD BV photometry of the little-studied southern Galactic globular cluster NGC 5986, including light curves of five of its RR Lyrae variables. The cluster's red giant branch bump is detected for the first time, at V = 16.47 ± 0.03. We derive a reddening and true distance modulus of E(B - V) = 0.29 ± 0.02 and (m - M)0 = 15.15 ± 0.10, respectively. The cluster's color-magnitude diagram reveals a mostly blue horizontal branch, like that of M13 or M2, and quite unlike M3; yet all of these clusters have nearly identical metallicities ([Fe/H]CG97 = -1.35). We show that the RR Lyrae variables in NGC 5986 are about 0.2 mag brighter on average than those in M3, an important exception to the often-employed, universal MV(RR)-[Fe/H] relation. Finally, we note that NGC 5986 contains two luminous stars with spectral types A-F, which are likely to be post-asymptotic giant branch (PAGB) objects. The V-band luminosity function of such yellow PAGB stars is a promising standard candle. We suggest that the luminosity function is sharply peaked at MV(PAGB) = -3.28 ± 0.07.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)318-326
Number of pages9
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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globular clusters
photometry
charge coupled devices
stars
luminosity
color-magnitude diagram
asymptotic giant branch stars
diagram
extremely high frequencies
light curve
metallicity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "CCD photometry of the globular cluster NGC 5986 and its post-asymptotic giant branch and RR Lyrae stars",
abstract = "We have obtained new CCD BV photometry of the little-studied southern Galactic globular cluster NGC 5986, including light curves of five of its RR Lyrae variables. The cluster's red giant branch bump is detected for the first time, at V = 16.47 ± 0.03. We derive a reddening and true distance modulus of E(B - V) = 0.29 ± 0.02 and (m - M)0 = 15.15 ± 0.10, respectively. The cluster's color-magnitude diagram reveals a mostly blue horizontal branch, like that of M13 or M2, and quite unlike M3; yet all of these clusters have nearly identical metallicities ([Fe/H]CG97 = -1.35). We show that the RR Lyrae variables in NGC 5986 are about 0.2 mag brighter on average than those in M3, an important exception to the often-employed, universal MV(RR)-[Fe/H] relation. Finally, we note that NGC 5986 contains two luminous stars with spectral types A-F, which are likely to be post-asymptotic giant branch (PAGB) objects. The V-band luminosity function of such yellow PAGB stars is a promising standard candle. We suggest that the luminosity function is sharply peaked at MV(PAGB) = -3.28 ± 0.07.",
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CCD photometry of the globular cluster NGC 5986 and its post-asymptotic giant branch and RR Lyrae stars. / Alves, David R.; Bond, Howard E.; Onken, Christopher.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 121, No. 1, 01.01.2001, p. 318-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We have obtained new CCD BV photometry of the little-studied southern Galactic globular cluster NGC 5986, including light curves of five of its RR Lyrae variables. The cluster's red giant branch bump is detected for the first time, at V = 16.47 ± 0.03. We derive a reddening and true distance modulus of E(B - V) = 0.29 ± 0.02 and (m - M)0 = 15.15 ± 0.10, respectively. The cluster's color-magnitude diagram reveals a mostly blue horizontal branch, like that of M13 or M2, and quite unlike M3; yet all of these clusters have nearly identical metallicities ([Fe/H]CG97 = -1.35). We show that the RR Lyrae variables in NGC 5986 are about 0.2 mag brighter on average than those in M3, an important exception to the often-employed, universal MV(RR)-[Fe/H] relation. Finally, we note that NGC 5986 contains two luminous stars with spectral types A-F, which are likely to be post-asymptotic giant branch (PAGB) objects. The V-band luminosity function of such yellow PAGB stars is a promising standard candle. We suggest that the luminosity function is sharply peaked at MV(PAGB) = -3.28 ± 0.07.

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