CD25 signaling regulates the function and stability of peripheral Foxp3+ regulatory T cells derived from the spleen and lymph nodes of mice

Kunpeng Wang, Jian Gu, Xuhao Ni, Zheng Ding, Qi Wang, Haoming Zhou, Song Guo Zheng, Bin Li, Ling Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in sustaining immune tolerance and maintaining immune balance to alloantigen after transplatation. However, the functions of peripheral Tregs in different organs have not been fully characterized. Here, we showed that spleen-derived Tregs exhibited higher expression of Foxp3, greater suppressive capacity, and lower levels of IL-17A secretion than lymph node-derived Tregs in vitro in the presence or absence of inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6. We found a higher percentage of CD25bright Tregs among spleen-derived Tregs than among lymph node-derived Tregs. Additionally, in vivo experiments demonstrated that adoptive transfer of spleen-derived Tregs, but not lymph node-derived Tregs, alleviated ischemia-reperfusion injury. These results reveal novel functions of Tregs derived from peripheral organs. In particular, spleen-derived Tregs, primarily consisting of CD25bright cells, may provide a more significant contribution to the suppression of immune-mediated autoimmune and inflammatory disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology

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