CD73, a cell surface-localized ecto-5′-nucleotidase, is the major enzymatic source of extracellular adenosine. Canonically, it plays multiple roles in cancer-related processes via its metabolite. As a druggable target, clinical trials targeting CD73 in various malignant diseases are currently ongoing. Here, we report the ecto-5′-nucleotidase-independent functions of CD73 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Our findings support that the elevated expression of CD73 in PDAC cells promotes gemcitabine (GEM) resistance by activating AKT. We discovered that a large amount of intracellular CD73 are localized in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Intracellular CD73 physically interacts with major vault protein to activate the SRC–AKT circuit. Troglitazone (TGZ) is a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma agonist that could inhibit the expression of CD73. The administration of TGZ markedly enhances sensitivity to GEM via downregulating CD73 in PDAC. Our findings support that CD73 could be targeted to overcome chemoresistance in PDAC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research