Cell-specific expression of mRNAs encoding Na+,K+-ATPase α- and β-subunit isoforms within the rat central nervous system

Alan G. Watts, Graciela Sanchez-Watts, Janet Rettig Emanuel, Robert Levenson

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We have used in situ hybridization histochemistry to analyze the subcellular distribution of mRNAs encoding Na,K-ATPase α- and β-subunit isoforms in the rat central nervous system. Substantial differences in the cell- specific pattern of expression were found for the genes encoding three isoforms of the a subunit. Transcripts of α1-subunit gene were detected in virtually all cell types and structures examined. Expression of α2-subunit mRNA was characteristic of glia, whereas α3-subunit transcripts were predominant in neurons. Transcripts encoding the β1 subunit were detected in neurons, whereas β2-subunit mRNA expression was characteristic of glia. mRNA encoding both β-subunit isoforms was present in choroidal epithelial cells. The distribution pattern of α- and β-subunit mRNAs in structures throughout the central nervous system is consistent with the possibility of six structurally distinct Na+,K+-ATPase isoenzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7425-7429
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number16
StatePublished - 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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