A new impermeant photoaffinity label has been used for identifying cell surface glucose transporters in isolated rat adipose cells. This compound is 2-N-4(1-azi-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)benzoyl-1,3-bis(D-mannos-4-yloxy)-2- propylamine. We have used this reagent in combination with immunoprecipitation by specific antibodies against the GLUT4 and GLUT1 glucose transporter isoforms to estimate the relative abundance of these two transporters on the surface of the intact adipose cell following stimulation by insulin and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). In the basal state, GLUT4 and GLUT1 are both present at the cell surface but GLUT4 is more abundant than GLUT1. In response to insulin, GLUT4 increases 15-20-fold and GLUT1 increases ≃5-fold while 3-O-methyl-d-glucose transport is stimulated 20-30-fold. By contrast, PMA only induces a ≃4-fold increase in GLUT4 while GLUT1 increases ≃5-fold to the same level as seen with insulin. In addition, PMA stimulates 3-O-methyl-D-glucose transport ≃3-fold to only 13% of the insulin-stimulated state. Thus GLUT4 is the major glucose transporter isoform under all conditions, and it is selectively and markedly enriched in response to insulin but not PMA which increases GLUT1 and GLUT4 equally. Furthermore, stimulation of glucose transport activity correlates closely with the appearance of GLUT4 on the cell surface in response to both insulin and PMA but does not correlate with the sum of GLUT1 and GLUT4 appearance. These results suggest that GLUT4 may be inherently more active than GLUT1 due to a higher TK (turnover/K(m)).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology