Cell traction forces on soft biomaterials. I. Microrheology of Type I collagen gels

Darrell Velegol, Frederick Lanni

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103 Scopus citations


A laser-trap microrheometry technique was used to determine the local shear moduli of Type I collagen gels. Embedded 2.1 μm polystyrene latex particles were displaced 10-100 nm using a near-infrared laser trap with a trap constant of 0.0001 N/m. The trap was oscillated transversely ±200 nm using a refractive glass plate mounted on a galvanometric scanner. The displacement of the microspheres was in phase with the movement of the laser trap at frequencies less than 1 rad/s, indicating that at least locally, the gels behaved as elastic media. The local shear modulus was measured at various positions throughout the gel, and, for gels at 2.3 mg/mL and 37°C, values ranged from G = 3 to 80 Pa. The average shear modulus G = 55 Pa, which compares well with measurements from parallel plate rheometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1786-1792
Number of pages7
JournalBiophysical journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics

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