The cellular localization of the two forms of monoamine oxidase (MAO A and MAO B) was studied by measuring their activities in rat striatum following unilateral stereotaxic injection of kainic acid to produce selective degeneration of striatal neurons and subsequent proliferation of astrocytes. The results demonstrated a persistent loss of 15-20% in MAO A activity, whereas MAO B activity decreased initially by 25% and then increased to more than twice the control value by 54 days after lesions. The changes in activity were compared to parallel estimates of the postsynaptic neuronal enzyme markers glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE), astroglial enzyme markers glutamine synthetase (GS) and non-neuronal enolase (NNE), and the presynaptic enzyme marker DOPA decarboxylase (DDC). The results suggest that a small amount of striatal MAO A is present in kainic acid-sensitive postsynaptic striatal neurons and that MAO B is probably localized in both neurons and astrocytes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology