Central Nervous System (CNS) Medications and Delirium

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Delirium is a condition of acute and reversible confusion characterized by fluctuation, inattention, disorganized thinking, and an altered level of consciousness. The instrument most commonly used to assess delirium in the acute setting is the confusion assessment method or CAM. The CAM has been validated against geriatric psychiatrists' ratings using DSM-III-R (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised; American Psychiatric Association [APA] 1987) criteria and has been shown to have sensitivity between 94% and 100% and specificity between 90% and 95% (Inouye et al. 1990). It is based on DSM-III (APA 1980) and DSM-IV (APA 1994) criteria for delirium (Table 1) and assesses four features of delirium:

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDrug Therapy for the Elderly
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Wien
Pages259-277
Number of pages19
Volume9783709109120
ISBN (Electronic)9783709109120
ISBN (Print)3709109116, 9783709109113
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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