Ceramic composites with multilayer interface coatings

Theodore M. Besmann, Elizabeth R. Kupp, Edgar Lara-Curzio, Karren L. More

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Abstract

Silicon carbide matrix composites have been fabricated from either ceramic-grade Nicalon or Hi-Nicalon fibers coated with an interface material consisting of six alternating carbon and silicon carbide layers. Initial efforts involved the use of chemical vapor infiltration to produce minicomposites (single tows of fibers). In subsequent work, forced-flow thermal-gradient chemical vapor infiltration was used to produce a single composite plate with a multilayer interface from ceramic-grade Nicalon fabric and two plates from Hi-Nicalon fabric, one with a single carbon layer and one with a multilayer interface. Tensile testing of the minicomposites and of specimens cut from the plates revealed typical composite behavior and strengths for the as-processed samples. Exposure of tensile specimens to 950°C air for 100 h resulted in large losses in strength and strain tolerance regardless of the interface coating. The results demonstrate that forced-flow thermal-gradient chemical vapor infiltration can be used to prepare multilayer interface material. The results also verified that relatively thick (> 100 nm) single or multiple carbon layers are susceptible to oxidation that causes the loss of composite properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3014-3020
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume83
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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