The relationship between local rates of cerebral glucose utilization (1CMR(glc)) and glucose transporter expression was examined during physiologic activation of the hypothalamoneurohypophysial system. Three days of water deprivation, which is known to activate the hypothalamoneurohypophysial system, resulted in increased ICMR(glc) and increased concentrations of GLUT1 and GLUT3 in the neurohypophysis; mRNA levels of GLUT1 and GLUT3 were decreased and increased, respectively. Water deprivation also increased 1CMR(glc) in the hypothalamic supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei; mRNA levels of GLUT1 and GLUT3 appeared to increase in these nuclei, but the changes did not achieve statistical significance. Restoration of water for 3 to 7 days reversed all observed changes in GLUT expression (protein and mRNA); restoration of water also reversed changes in 1CMR(glc) in both the neurohypophysis and the hypothalamic nuclei. These results indicate that under conditions of neural activation and recovery, changes in 1CMR(glc) and the levels of GLUT1 and GLUT3 are temporally correlated in the neurohypophysis and raise the possibility that GLUT1 and GLUT3 transporter expression may be regulated by chronic changes in functional activity. In addition, increases in the expression of GLUT5 mRNA in the neurohypophysis after dehydration provide evidence for involvement of microglial activation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine