CFD analysis and design of detailed target configurations for an accelerator-driven subcritical system

Adam Kraus, Elia Merzari, Tanju Sofu, Zhaopeng Zhong, Yousry Gohar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High-fidelity analysis has been utilized in the design of beam target options for an acceleratordriven subcritical system. Designs featuring stacks of plates with square cross section have been investigated for both tungsten and uranium target materials. The presented work includes the first thermal-hydraulic simulations of the full, detailed target geometry. The innovative target cooling manifold design features many regions with complex flow features, including 90° bends and merging jets, which necessitate threedimensional fluid simulations. These were performed using the commercial computational fluid dynamics code STAR-CCM+. Conjugate heat transfer was modeled between the plates, cladding, manifold structure, and fluid. Steady-state simulations were performed but lacked good residual convergence. Unsteady simulations were then performed, which converged well and demonstrated that flow instability existed in the lower portion of the manifold. It was established that the flow instability had little effect on the peak plate temperatures, which were well below the melting point. The estimated plate surface temperatures and target region pressure were shown to provide sufficient margin to subcooled boiling for standard operating conditions. This demonstrated the safety of both potential target configurations during normal operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-168
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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