Chandra monitoring of the J1809–1917 pulsar wind nebula and its field

Noel Klingler, Hui Yang, Jeremy Hare, Oleg Kargaltsev, George G. Pavlov, Bettina Posselt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PSR J1809–1917 is a young (τ = 51 kyr) and energetic (E = 1.8 ´ 1036 erg s-1) radio pulsar powering an X-ray pulsar wind nebula (PWN) that exhibits morphological variability. We report on the results of a new monitoring campaign by the Chandra X-ray Observatory (Chandra), carried out across six epochs with a ∼7 week cadence. The compact nebula can be interpreted as a jet-dominated outflow along the pulsar’s spin axis. Its variability can be the result of Doppler boosting in the kinked jet, whose shape changes with time (akin to the Vela pulsar jet). The deep X-ray image, composed of 405 ks of new and 131 ks of archival Chandra data, reveals an arcminute-scale extended nebula (EN) whose axis of symmetry aligns with both the axis of the compact nebula and the direction toward the peak of the nearby TeV source HESS J1809–193. The EN’s morphology and extent suggest that the pulsar is likely moving through the ambient medium at a transonic velocity. We also resolved a faint 7′ long nonthermal collimated structure protruding from the PWN. It is possibly another instance of a “misaligned outflow” (also known as a “kinetic jet”) produced by high-energy particles escaping the PWN’s confinement and tracing the interstellar magnetic field lines. Finally, taking advantage of the 536 ks exposure, we analyzed the point sources in the J1809 field and classified them using multiwavelength data. None of the classified sources in the field can reasonably be expected to produce the extended TeV flux in the region, suggesting that PSR J1809–1917 is indeed the counterpart to HESS/eHWC J1809–193.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number157
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume901
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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