Chandra observations of radio-loud quasars at z > 4: X-rays from the radio beacons of the early universe

L. C. Bassett, William Nielsen Brandt, Donald P. Schneider, C. Vignali, G. Chartas, G. P. Garmire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present the results of Chandra observations of six radio-loud quasars (RLQs) and one optically bright radio-quiet quasar (RQQ) at z ≈ 4.1-4.4. These observations cover a representative sample of RLQs with moderate radio loudness (R ≈ 40-400), filling the X-ray observational gap between optically selected RQQs (predominantly R ≲ 2-10) and the five known blazars at z > 4(R ≈ 800-27,000), where R = f 5GHz/f 4400Å (rest frame). We study the relationship between X-ray luminosity and radio loudness for quasars at high redshift and constrain RLQ X-ray continuum emission and absorption. From a joint spectral fit of nine moderate-R RLQs observed by Chandra, we find tentative evidence for absorption above the Galactic N H, with a best-fit neutral intrinsic column density of N H = 2.4 -1.8 +2.0 × 10 22 cm -2, consistent with earlier claims of increased absorption toward high-redshift RLQs. We also search for evidence of an enhanced jet-linked component in the X-ray emission due to the increased energy density of the cosmic microwave background at high redshift, but we find neither spatial detections of X-ray jets nor a significant enhancement in the X-ray emission relative to comparable RLQs at low to moderate redshifts. Overall, the z ≈ 4-5 RLQs have basic X-ray properties consistent with comparable RLQs in the local universe, suggesting that the accretion/jet mechanisms of these objects are similar as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-533
Number of pages11
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume128
Issue number2 1784
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004

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radio beacons
quasars
universe
radio
x rays
loudness
blazars
flux density
luminosity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Chandra observations of radio-loud quasars at z > 4: X-rays from the radio beacons of the early universe",
abstract = "We present the results of Chandra observations of six radio-loud quasars (RLQs) and one optically bright radio-quiet quasar (RQQ) at z ≈ 4.1-4.4. These observations cover a representative sample of RLQs with moderate radio loudness (R ≈ 40-400), filling the X-ray observational gap between optically selected RQQs (predominantly R ≲ 2-10) and the five known blazars at z > 4(R ≈ 800-27,000), where R = f 5GHz/f 4400{\AA} (rest frame). We study the relationship between X-ray luminosity and radio loudness for quasars at high redshift and constrain RLQ X-ray continuum emission and absorption. From a joint spectral fit of nine moderate-R RLQs observed by Chandra, we find tentative evidence for absorption above the Galactic N H, with a best-fit neutral intrinsic column density of N H = 2.4 -1.8 +2.0 × 10 22 cm -2, consistent with earlier claims of increased absorption toward high-redshift RLQs. We also search for evidence of an enhanced jet-linked component in the X-ray emission due to the increased energy density of the cosmic microwave background at high redshift, but we find neither spatial detections of X-ray jets nor a significant enhancement in the X-ray emission relative to comparable RLQs at low to moderate redshifts. Overall, the z ≈ 4-5 RLQs have basic X-ray properties consistent with comparable RLQs in the local universe, suggesting that the accretion/jet mechanisms of these objects are similar as well.",
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Chandra observations of radio-loud quasars at z > 4 : X-rays from the radio beacons of the early universe. / Bassett, L. C.; Brandt, William Nielsen; Schneider, Donald P.; Vignali, C.; Chartas, G.; Garmire, G. P.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 128, No. 2 1784, 01.08.2004, p. 523-533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chandra observations of radio-loud quasars at z > 4

T2 - X-rays from the radio beacons of the early universe

AU - Bassett, L. C.

AU - Brandt, William Nielsen

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - Vignali, C.

AU - Chartas, G.

AU - Garmire, G. P.

PY - 2004/8/1

Y1 - 2004/8/1

N2 - We present the results of Chandra observations of six radio-loud quasars (RLQs) and one optically bright radio-quiet quasar (RQQ) at z ≈ 4.1-4.4. These observations cover a representative sample of RLQs with moderate radio loudness (R ≈ 40-400), filling the X-ray observational gap between optically selected RQQs (predominantly R ≲ 2-10) and the five known blazars at z > 4(R ≈ 800-27,000), where R = f 5GHz/f 4400Å (rest frame). We study the relationship between X-ray luminosity and radio loudness for quasars at high redshift and constrain RLQ X-ray continuum emission and absorption. From a joint spectral fit of nine moderate-R RLQs observed by Chandra, we find tentative evidence for absorption above the Galactic N H, with a best-fit neutral intrinsic column density of N H = 2.4 -1.8 +2.0 × 10 22 cm -2, consistent with earlier claims of increased absorption toward high-redshift RLQs. We also search for evidence of an enhanced jet-linked component in the X-ray emission due to the increased energy density of the cosmic microwave background at high redshift, but we find neither spatial detections of X-ray jets nor a significant enhancement in the X-ray emission relative to comparable RLQs at low to moderate redshifts. Overall, the z ≈ 4-5 RLQs have basic X-ray properties consistent with comparable RLQs in the local universe, suggesting that the accretion/jet mechanisms of these objects are similar as well.

AB - We present the results of Chandra observations of six radio-loud quasars (RLQs) and one optically bright radio-quiet quasar (RQQ) at z ≈ 4.1-4.4. These observations cover a representative sample of RLQs with moderate radio loudness (R ≈ 40-400), filling the X-ray observational gap between optically selected RQQs (predominantly R ≲ 2-10) and the five known blazars at z > 4(R ≈ 800-27,000), where R = f 5GHz/f 4400Å (rest frame). We study the relationship between X-ray luminosity and radio loudness for quasars at high redshift and constrain RLQ X-ray continuum emission and absorption. From a joint spectral fit of nine moderate-R RLQs observed by Chandra, we find tentative evidence for absorption above the Galactic N H, with a best-fit neutral intrinsic column density of N H = 2.4 -1.8 +2.0 × 10 22 cm -2, consistent with earlier claims of increased absorption toward high-redshift RLQs. We also search for evidence of an enhanced jet-linked component in the X-ray emission due to the increased energy density of the cosmic microwave background at high redshift, but we find neither spatial detections of X-ray jets nor a significant enhancement in the X-ray emission relative to comparable RLQs at low to moderate redshifts. Overall, the z ≈ 4-5 RLQs have basic X-ray properties consistent with comparable RLQs in the local universe, suggesting that the accretion/jet mechanisms of these objects are similar as well.

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