Chandra observations of the highest redshift quasars from the sloan digital sky survey

Ohad Shemmer, W. N. Brandt, Donald P. Schneider, Xiaohui Fan, Michael A. Strauss, Aleksandar M. Diamond-Stanic, Gordon T. Richards, Scott F. Anderson, James E. Gunn, Jon Brinkmanns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present new Chandra observations of 21 z > 4 quasars, including 11 sources at z > 5. These observations double the number of X-ray-detected quasars at z > 5, allowing investigation of the X-ray spectral properties of a substantial sample of quasars at the dawn of the modern universe. By jointly fitting the spectra of 15 z > 5 radio-quiet quasars (RQQs), including sources from the Chandra archive, with a total of 185 photons, we find a mean X-ray power-law photon index of F = 1.95-0.26+0.30, and a mean neutral intrinsic absorption column density of NH; 6 × 1022 cm-2. These results show that quasar X-ray spectral properties have not evolved up to the highest observable redshifts. We also find that the mean optical-X-ray spectral slope (αox) of optically selected z > 5 RQQs, excluding broad absorption line quasars, is αox = -1.69 ± 0.03, which is consistent with the value predicted from the observed relationship between αox and ultraviolet luminosity. Four of the sources in our sample are members of the rare class of weak emission-line quasars, and we detect two of them in X-rays. We discuss the implications our X-ray observations have for the nature of these mysterious sources and, in particular, whether their weak-line spectra are a consequence of continuum boosting or a deficit of high-ionization line-emitting gas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-99
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume644
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2006

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quasars
x rays
radio
photons
power law
ionization
line spectra
universe
luminosity
slopes
continuums
gas
gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Shemmer, Ohad ; Brandt, W. N. ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Fan, Xiaohui ; Strauss, Michael A. ; Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M. ; Richards, Gordon T. ; Anderson, Scott F. ; Gunn, James E. ; Brinkmanns, Jon. / Chandra observations of the highest redshift quasars from the sloan digital sky survey. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2006 ; Vol. 644, No. 1. pp. 86-99.
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Shemmer, O, Brandt, WN, Schneider, DP, Fan, X, Strauss, MA, Diamond-Stanic, AM, Richards, GT, Anderson, SF, Gunn, JE & Brinkmanns, J 2006, 'Chandra observations of the highest redshift quasars from the sloan digital sky survey', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 644, no. 1, pp. 86-99. https://doi.org/10.1086/503543

Chandra observations of the highest redshift quasars from the sloan digital sky survey. / Shemmer, Ohad; Brandt, W. N.; Schneider, Donald P.; Fan, Xiaohui; Strauss, Michael A.; Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M.; Richards, Gordon T.; Anderson, Scott F.; Gunn, James E.; Brinkmanns, Jon.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 644, No. 1, 10.06.2006, p. 86-99.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Chandra observations of the highest redshift quasars from the sloan digital sky survey

AU - Shemmer, Ohad

AU - Brandt, W. N.

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - Fan, Xiaohui

AU - Strauss, Michael A.

AU - Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M.

AU - Richards, Gordon T.

AU - Anderson, Scott F.

AU - Gunn, James E.

AU - Brinkmanns, Jon

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N2 - We present new Chandra observations of 21 z > 4 quasars, including 11 sources at z > 5. These observations double the number of X-ray-detected quasars at z > 5, allowing investigation of the X-ray spectral properties of a substantial sample of quasars at the dawn of the modern universe. By jointly fitting the spectra of 15 z > 5 radio-quiet quasars (RQQs), including sources from the Chandra archive, with a total of 185 photons, we find a mean X-ray power-law photon index of F = 1.95-0.26+0.30, and a mean neutral intrinsic absorption column density of NH; 6 × 1022 cm-2. These results show that quasar X-ray spectral properties have not evolved up to the highest observable redshifts. We also find that the mean optical-X-ray spectral slope (αox) of optically selected z > 5 RQQs, excluding broad absorption line quasars, is αox = -1.69 ± 0.03, which is consistent with the value predicted from the observed relationship between αox and ultraviolet luminosity. Four of the sources in our sample are members of the rare class of weak emission-line quasars, and we detect two of them in X-rays. We discuss the implications our X-ray observations have for the nature of these mysterious sources and, in particular, whether their weak-line spectra are a consequence of continuum boosting or a deficit of high-ionization line-emitting gas.

AB - We present new Chandra observations of 21 z > 4 quasars, including 11 sources at z > 5. These observations double the number of X-ray-detected quasars at z > 5, allowing investigation of the X-ray spectral properties of a substantial sample of quasars at the dawn of the modern universe. By jointly fitting the spectra of 15 z > 5 radio-quiet quasars (RQQs), including sources from the Chandra archive, with a total of 185 photons, we find a mean X-ray power-law photon index of F = 1.95-0.26+0.30, and a mean neutral intrinsic absorption column density of NH; 6 × 1022 cm-2. These results show that quasar X-ray spectral properties have not evolved up to the highest observable redshifts. We also find that the mean optical-X-ray spectral slope (αox) of optically selected z > 5 RQQs, excluding broad absorption line quasars, is αox = -1.69 ± 0.03, which is consistent with the value predicted from the observed relationship between αox and ultraviolet luminosity. Four of the sources in our sample are members of the rare class of weak emission-line quasars, and we detect two of them in X-rays. We discuss the implications our X-ray observations have for the nature of these mysterious sources and, in particular, whether their weak-line spectra are a consequence of continuum boosting or a deficit of high-ionization line-emitting gas.

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