Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project: A search for 6.4 keV iron fluorescent line from young stellar objects

M. Tsujimoto, E. D. Feigelson, N. Grosso, G. Micela, Y. Tsuboi, F. Favata

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

We present the result of a coherent search for the iron K α fluorescent line at ∼6.4 keV among 1616 X-ray sources detected by ultra-deep Chandra observations of the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC) - Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project (COUP). Seven sources are identified to have an excess emission at 6.4 keV among 127 control sample sources with significant counts in the 6.0-9.0 keV band. These seven sources are considered to be young stellar objects (YSOs) belonging to ONC from their flare-like flux variation, thermal spectra, and near-infrared (NIR) or centimeter identifications. We discuss that the observed equivalent widths of the fluorescent line can not be accounted with the reflection by interstellar or circumstellar matter in the line of sight. The X-ray spectral fittings and NIR colors of the 6.4 keV sources show that these sources preferentially have X-ray absorption of >1 × 1022 cm-2 and NIR excess emission, which are not expected when the reflection occurs at the stellar photosphere. We therefore conclude that the iron fluorescent line of YSOs arises at disks, which are photoionized by the strong continuum emission from X-ray flares.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1008
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP
Issue number560 II
StatePublished - Aug 26 2005
Event13th Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun - Hamburg, Germany
Duration: Jul 5 2004Jul 9 2004

Fingerprint

Iron
Infrared radiation
iron
X rays
near infrared
Orion nebula
X ray absorption
flares
Light sources
x rays
interstellar matter
Fluxes
Color
stellar envelopes
photosphere
line of sight
project
young
continuums
color

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project: A search for 6.4 keV iron fluorescent line from young stellar objects",
abstract = "We present the result of a coherent search for the iron K α fluorescent line at ∼6.4 keV among 1616 X-ray sources detected by ultra-deep Chandra observations of the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC) - Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project (COUP). Seven sources are identified to have an excess emission at 6.4 keV among 127 control sample sources with significant counts in the 6.0-9.0 keV band. These seven sources are considered to be young stellar objects (YSOs) belonging to ONC from their flare-like flux variation, thermal spectra, and near-infrared (NIR) or centimeter identifications. We discuss that the observed equivalent widths of the fluorescent line can not be accounted with the reflection by interstellar or circumstellar matter in the line of sight. The X-ray spectral fittings and NIR colors of the 6.4 keV sources show that these sources preferentially have X-ray absorption of >1 × 1022 cm-2 and NIR excess emission, which are not expected when the reflection occurs at the stellar photosphere. We therefore conclude that the iron fluorescent line of YSOs arises at disks, which are photoionized by the strong continuum emission from X-ray flares.",
author = "M. Tsujimoto and Feigelson, {E. D.} and N. Grosso and G. Micela and Y. Tsuboi and F. Favata",
year = "2005",
month = "8",
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language = "English (US)",
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journal = "European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP",
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Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project : A search for 6.4 keV iron fluorescent line from young stellar objects. / Tsujimoto, M.; Feigelson, E. D.; Grosso, N.; Micela, G.; Tsuboi, Y.; Favata, F.

In: European Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP, No. 560 II, 26.08.2005, p. 1005-1008.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project

T2 - A search for 6.4 keV iron fluorescent line from young stellar objects

AU - Tsujimoto, M.

AU - Feigelson, E. D.

AU - Grosso, N.

AU - Micela, G.

AU - Tsuboi, Y.

AU - Favata, F.

PY - 2005/8/26

Y1 - 2005/8/26

N2 - We present the result of a coherent search for the iron K α fluorescent line at ∼6.4 keV among 1616 X-ray sources detected by ultra-deep Chandra observations of the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC) - Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project (COUP). Seven sources are identified to have an excess emission at 6.4 keV among 127 control sample sources with significant counts in the 6.0-9.0 keV band. These seven sources are considered to be young stellar objects (YSOs) belonging to ONC from their flare-like flux variation, thermal spectra, and near-infrared (NIR) or centimeter identifications. We discuss that the observed equivalent widths of the fluorescent line can not be accounted with the reflection by interstellar or circumstellar matter in the line of sight. The X-ray spectral fittings and NIR colors of the 6.4 keV sources show that these sources preferentially have X-ray absorption of >1 × 1022 cm-2 and NIR excess emission, which are not expected when the reflection occurs at the stellar photosphere. We therefore conclude that the iron fluorescent line of YSOs arises at disks, which are photoionized by the strong continuum emission from X-ray flares.

AB - We present the result of a coherent search for the iron K α fluorescent line at ∼6.4 keV among 1616 X-ray sources detected by ultra-deep Chandra observations of the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC) - Chandra Orion Ultra-deep Project (COUP). Seven sources are identified to have an excess emission at 6.4 keV among 127 control sample sources with significant counts in the 6.0-9.0 keV band. These seven sources are considered to be young stellar objects (YSOs) belonging to ONC from their flare-like flux variation, thermal spectra, and near-infrared (NIR) or centimeter identifications. We discuss that the observed equivalent widths of the fluorescent line can not be accounted with the reflection by interstellar or circumstellar matter in the line of sight. The X-ray spectral fittings and NIR colors of the 6.4 keV sources show that these sources preferentially have X-ray absorption of >1 × 1022 cm-2 and NIR excess emission, which are not expected when the reflection occurs at the stellar photosphere. We therefore conclude that the iron fluorescent line of YSOs arises at disks, which are photoionized by the strong continuum emission from X-ray flares.

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