Chandra study of young stellar objects in the NGC 1333 star-forming cloud

Konstantin V. Getman, Eric D. Feigelson, Leisa Townsley, John Bally, Charles J. Lada, Bo Reipurth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

NGC 1333, a highly active star formation region within the Perseus molecular cloud complex, has been observed with the ACIS-I detector on board the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. In our image with a sensitivity limit of ∼1028 ergs s-1, we detect 127 X-ray sources, most with subarcsecond positional accuracy. While 32 of these sources appear to be foreground stars and extragalactic background, 95 X-ray sources are identified with known cluster members. The X-ray luminosity function of the discovered young stellar object (YSO) population spans a range of log LX ≃ 28.0-31.5 ergs s-1 in the 0.5-8 keV band, and absorption ranges from log NH ≃ 20 to 23 cm-2. Most of the sources have plasma energies between 0.6 and 3 keV, but a few sources show higher energies up to ∼7 keV. Comparison with K-band source counts indicates that we detect all of the known cluster members with K < 12 and about half of the members with K > 12. K ≃ 11, the peak of the K-band luminosity function, corresponds to 0.2-0.4 M stars for a cluster age of ∼1 Myr. We detect seven of the 20 known YSOs in NGC 1333 producing jets or molecular outflows as well as one deeply embedded object without outflows. No evident difference in X-ray emission of young stars with and without outflows is found. Based on the complete subsample of T Tauri stars, we also find no difference in X-ray properties and X-ray production mechanism of stars with and without K-band excess disks. Several other results are obtained. We suggest that the X-ray emission from two late B stars that illuminate the reflection nebula originates from unresolved late-type companions, Two T Tauri stars are discovered in the ACIS images as previously unknown components of visual binaries. A good correlation LX ∝ J is seen, which confirms the well-known relation LX ∝ Lbol found in many star-forming regions. Based on spectral analysis for the X-ray counterpart of SVS 16, we establish that the column density NH is much lower than that expected from near-IR photometry so that its X-ray luminosity, log L X ≃ 30.6 ergs s-1, is not unusually high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-377
Number of pages24
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume575
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2002

Fingerprint

stars
x rays
extremely high frequencies
erg
outflow
T Tauri stars
luminosity
young
late stars
reflection nebulae
M stars
B stars
molecular clouds
spectral analysis
spectrum analysis
photometry
energy
star formation
observatories
observatory

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

@article{6346463a29014ec6b37fc567c2db2da7,
title = "Chandra study of young stellar objects in the NGC 1333 star-forming cloud",
abstract = "NGC 1333, a highly active star formation region within the Perseus molecular cloud complex, has been observed with the ACIS-I detector on board the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. In our image with a sensitivity limit of ∼1028 ergs s-1, we detect 127 X-ray sources, most with subarcsecond positional accuracy. While 32 of these sources appear to be foreground stars and extragalactic background, 95 X-ray sources are identified with known cluster members. The X-ray luminosity function of the discovered young stellar object (YSO) population spans a range of log LX ≃ 28.0-31.5 ergs s-1 in the 0.5-8 keV band, and absorption ranges from log NH ≃ 20 to 23 cm-2. Most of the sources have plasma energies between 0.6 and 3 keV, but a few sources show higher energies up to ∼7 keV. Comparison with K-band source counts indicates that we detect all of the known cluster members with K < 12 and about half of the members with K > 12. K ≃ 11, the peak of the K-band luminosity function, corresponds to 0.2-0.4 M⊙ stars for a cluster age of ∼1 Myr. We detect seven of the 20 known YSOs in NGC 1333 producing jets or molecular outflows as well as one deeply embedded object without outflows. No evident difference in X-ray emission of young stars with and without outflows is found. Based on the complete subsample of T Tauri stars, we also find no difference in X-ray properties and X-ray production mechanism of stars with and without K-band excess disks. Several other results are obtained. We suggest that the X-ray emission from two late B stars that illuminate the reflection nebula originates from unresolved late-type companions, Two T Tauri stars are discovered in the ACIS images as previously unknown components of visual binaries. A good correlation LX ∝ J is seen, which confirms the well-known relation LX ∝ Lbol found in many star-forming regions. Based on spectral analysis for the X-ray counterpart of SVS 16, we establish that the column density NH is much lower than that expected from near-IR photometry so that its X-ray luminosity, log L X ≃ 30.6 ergs s-1, is not unusually high.",
author = "Getman, {Konstantin V.} and Feigelson, {Eric D.} and Leisa Townsley and John Bally and Lada, {Charles J.} and Bo Reipurth",
year = "2002",
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day = "10",
doi = "10.1086/341219",
language = "English (US)",
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journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
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Chandra study of young stellar objects in the NGC 1333 star-forming cloud. / Getman, Konstantin V.; Feigelson, Eric D.; Townsley, Leisa; Bally, John; Lada, Charles J.; Reipurth, Bo.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 575, No. 1 I, 10.08.2002, p. 354-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chandra study of young stellar objects in the NGC 1333 star-forming cloud

AU - Getman, Konstantin V.

AU - Feigelson, Eric D.

AU - Townsley, Leisa

AU - Bally, John

AU - Lada, Charles J.

AU - Reipurth, Bo

PY - 2002/8/10

Y1 - 2002/8/10

N2 - NGC 1333, a highly active star formation region within the Perseus molecular cloud complex, has been observed with the ACIS-I detector on board the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. In our image with a sensitivity limit of ∼1028 ergs s-1, we detect 127 X-ray sources, most with subarcsecond positional accuracy. While 32 of these sources appear to be foreground stars and extragalactic background, 95 X-ray sources are identified with known cluster members. The X-ray luminosity function of the discovered young stellar object (YSO) population spans a range of log LX ≃ 28.0-31.5 ergs s-1 in the 0.5-8 keV band, and absorption ranges from log NH ≃ 20 to 23 cm-2. Most of the sources have plasma energies between 0.6 and 3 keV, but a few sources show higher energies up to ∼7 keV. Comparison with K-band source counts indicates that we detect all of the known cluster members with K < 12 and about half of the members with K > 12. K ≃ 11, the peak of the K-band luminosity function, corresponds to 0.2-0.4 M⊙ stars for a cluster age of ∼1 Myr. We detect seven of the 20 known YSOs in NGC 1333 producing jets or molecular outflows as well as one deeply embedded object without outflows. No evident difference in X-ray emission of young stars with and without outflows is found. Based on the complete subsample of T Tauri stars, we also find no difference in X-ray properties and X-ray production mechanism of stars with and without K-band excess disks. Several other results are obtained. We suggest that the X-ray emission from two late B stars that illuminate the reflection nebula originates from unresolved late-type companions, Two T Tauri stars are discovered in the ACIS images as previously unknown components of visual binaries. A good correlation LX ∝ J is seen, which confirms the well-known relation LX ∝ Lbol found in many star-forming regions. Based on spectral analysis for the X-ray counterpart of SVS 16, we establish that the column density NH is much lower than that expected from near-IR photometry so that its X-ray luminosity, log L X ≃ 30.6 ergs s-1, is not unusually high.

AB - NGC 1333, a highly active star formation region within the Perseus molecular cloud complex, has been observed with the ACIS-I detector on board the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. In our image with a sensitivity limit of ∼1028 ergs s-1, we detect 127 X-ray sources, most with subarcsecond positional accuracy. While 32 of these sources appear to be foreground stars and extragalactic background, 95 X-ray sources are identified with known cluster members. The X-ray luminosity function of the discovered young stellar object (YSO) population spans a range of log LX ≃ 28.0-31.5 ergs s-1 in the 0.5-8 keV band, and absorption ranges from log NH ≃ 20 to 23 cm-2. Most of the sources have plasma energies between 0.6 and 3 keV, but a few sources show higher energies up to ∼7 keV. Comparison with K-band source counts indicates that we detect all of the known cluster members with K < 12 and about half of the members with K > 12. K ≃ 11, the peak of the K-band luminosity function, corresponds to 0.2-0.4 M⊙ stars for a cluster age of ∼1 Myr. We detect seven of the 20 known YSOs in NGC 1333 producing jets or molecular outflows as well as one deeply embedded object without outflows. No evident difference in X-ray emission of young stars with and without outflows is found. Based on the complete subsample of T Tauri stars, we also find no difference in X-ray properties and X-ray production mechanism of stars with and without K-band excess disks. Several other results are obtained. We suggest that the X-ray emission from two late B stars that illuminate the reflection nebula originates from unresolved late-type companions, Two T Tauri stars are discovered in the ACIS images as previously unknown components of visual binaries. A good correlation LX ∝ J is seen, which confirms the well-known relation LX ∝ Lbol found in many star-forming regions. Based on spectral analysis for the X-ray counterpart of SVS 16, we establish that the column density NH is much lower than that expected from near-IR photometry so that its X-ray luminosity, log L X ≃ 30.6 ergs s-1, is not unusually high.

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