Change in the character of quasiparticles without gap collapse in a model of fractional quantum Hall effect

Csaba Toke, Jainendra K. Jain

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is commonly assumed in the studies of the fractional quantum Hall effect that the physics of a fractional quantum Hall state, in particular the character of its excitations, is invariant under a continuous deformation of the Hamiltonian during which the gap does not close. We show in this article that, at least for finite systems, as the interaction is changed from a model three body interaction to Coulomb, the ground state at filling factor ν=2/5 evolves continuously from the so-called Gaffnian wave function to the composite fermion wave function, but the quasiholes alter their character in a nonperturbative manner. This is attributed to the fact that the Coulomb interaction opens a gap in the Gaffnian quasihole sector, pushing many of the states to very high energies. Interestingly, the states below the gap are found to have a one-to-one correspondence with the composite fermion theory, suggesting that the Gaffnian model contains composite fermions, and that the Gaffnian quasiholes are unstable to the formation of composite fermions when a two-body interaction term is switched on. General implications of this study are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number205301
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume80
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2009

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Quantum Hall effect
Fermions
quantum Hall effect
fermions
composite materials
Composite materials
Wave functions
interactions
wave functions
Hamiltonians
pushing
Coulomb interactions
Ground state
sectors
Physics
physics
ground state
excitation
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "It is commonly assumed in the studies of the fractional quantum Hall effect that the physics of a fractional quantum Hall state, in particular the character of its excitations, is invariant under a continuous deformation of the Hamiltonian during which the gap does not close. We show in this article that, at least for finite systems, as the interaction is changed from a model three body interaction to Coulomb, the ground state at filling factor ν=2/5 evolves continuously from the so-called Gaffnian wave function to the composite fermion wave function, but the quasiholes alter their character in a nonperturbative manner. This is attributed to the fact that the Coulomb interaction opens a gap in the Gaffnian quasihole sector, pushing many of the states to very high energies. Interestingly, the states below the gap are found to have a one-to-one correspondence with the composite fermion theory, suggesting that the Gaffnian model contains composite fermions, and that the Gaffnian quasiholes are unstable to the formation of composite fermions when a two-body interaction term is switched on. General implications of this study are discussed.",
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N2 - It is commonly assumed in the studies of the fractional quantum Hall effect that the physics of a fractional quantum Hall state, in particular the character of its excitations, is invariant under a continuous deformation of the Hamiltonian during which the gap does not close. We show in this article that, at least for finite systems, as the interaction is changed from a model three body interaction to Coulomb, the ground state at filling factor ν=2/5 evolves continuously from the so-called Gaffnian wave function to the composite fermion wave function, but the quasiholes alter their character in a nonperturbative manner. This is attributed to the fact that the Coulomb interaction opens a gap in the Gaffnian quasihole sector, pushing many of the states to very high energies. Interestingly, the states below the gap are found to have a one-to-one correspondence with the composite fermion theory, suggesting that the Gaffnian model contains composite fermions, and that the Gaffnian quasiholes are unstable to the formation of composite fermions when a two-body interaction term is switched on. General implications of this study are discussed.

AB - It is commonly assumed in the studies of the fractional quantum Hall effect that the physics of a fractional quantum Hall state, in particular the character of its excitations, is invariant under a continuous deformation of the Hamiltonian during which the gap does not close. We show in this article that, at least for finite systems, as the interaction is changed from a model three body interaction to Coulomb, the ground state at filling factor ν=2/5 evolves continuously from the so-called Gaffnian wave function to the composite fermion wave function, but the quasiholes alter their character in a nonperturbative manner. This is attributed to the fact that the Coulomb interaction opens a gap in the Gaffnian quasihole sector, pushing many of the states to very high energies. Interestingly, the states below the gap are found to have a one-to-one correspondence with the composite fermion theory, suggesting that the Gaffnian model contains composite fermions, and that the Gaffnian quasiholes are unstable to the formation of composite fermions when a two-body interaction term is switched on. General implications of this study are discussed.

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