In situ and laboratory measurements of ultrasonic velocity have been compared to test for the effect of strain relaxation on rock properties. For granites, the larger changes in compressional-wave velocity (Vp) correlate with higher in situ stresses, the maximum Vp being parallel to the directory of maximum compressive stress. For sedimentary rocks, the relation between changes in Vp and in-situ stress is dependent on lithology. In sandstone, the direction associated with the maximum decrease in Vp accompanying strain relaxation is parallel to the maximum compressive stress. Limestone is virtually isotropic with little decrease in Vp on strain relaxation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences and|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1984|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes