Antibodies were produced in rabbits to homogeneous mouse kidney ornithine decarboxylase and used to determine the amount of this protein present in kidney extracts by a competitive radioimmunoassay procedure. The labeled ligand for this assay was prepared by reacting renal ornithine decarboxylase with [5-3H] alpha-difluoromethylornithine, an enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitor. The sensitivity of the assay was such that 1 ng of protein could be quantitated and the binding to ornithine decarboxylase of a macromolecular inhibitor (antizyme) or alpha-difluoromethylornithine did not affect the reaction. It was found that treatment of female mice with testosterone produced a 400-fold increase in ornithine decarboxylase protein in the kidney within 4-5 days. Exposure to cycloheximide or to 1,3-diaminopropane led to a rapid disappearance of the protein which paralleled the loss of enzyme activity. There was no sign of any immunoreactive but enzymatically inactive form of mouse kidney ornithine decarboxylase under any of the conditions investigated. The results indicate that fluctuations of the enzyme activity in this organ are mediated via changes in the amount of enzyme protein rather than by post-translational modifications or interaction with inhibitors or activators.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Feb 25 1983|
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