Changes in muscle sympathetic nerve activity and effects of breathing maneuvers in humans during microgravity induced by parabolic flight.

S. Iwase, Jian Cui, H. Kitazawa, A. Kamiya, S. Miyazaki, Y. Sugiyama, C. Mukai, M. Kohno, T. Mano, S. Nagaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanism of cardiovascular deconditioning, such as an orthostatic intolerance after space flight, has not been well clarified. Several studies to investigate that mechanism have focused mainly on hemodynamic changes including heart rate, arterial blood pressure, cardiac output, etc., but no studies have yielded a direct insight into changes in the sympathetic nervous system. Among ground-based experiments, parabolic flight is the only maneuver to expose human subjects to actual microgravity although it lasts for only a short duration of approx. 20 sec. Using microneurography, the present study aimed to analyze the involvement of the sympathetic nervous system in regulating the acute effects of fluid shift induced by parabolic flight during the transitional changes from 1 G to hypergravity, hypergravity to microgravity, and microgravity to hypergravity by direct measurement of sympathetic outflow to the muscles. Some parts of the study were published elsewhere. We also investigated how the sympathetic outflow to muscle is modified during microgravity with elimination of the breathing effect by comparing the cardiovascular parameters under controlled and uncontrolled respiration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology
Volume6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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