Changes in particulate composition and morphology when using of vegetable oil lubricant in a low heat rejection engine

David E. Weller, William H. Swain, Howard Hess, André L. Boehman, Joseph Manuel Sr Perez

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal barrier coatings have been shown to be effective at reducing particulate emissions from diesel engines. Prior work by the authors has demonstrated a significant decrease in particulate emissions from a thermal barrier coated, single-cylinder, indirect injection (IDI) diesel engine, primarily through reduction of the volatile (VOF) and soluble (SOF) fraction of the particulate. Most of this prior work relied on conventional, commercially available, petroleum-based lubricants. Recently, the authors demonstrated additional particulate emissions reductions when a high oleic sunflower-based lubricant was used instead of a conventional petroleum-based lubricant. This paper concerns the manner in which the particulate was reduced, and reports on the changes in particulate composition and morphology between the two lubricants. Composition was examined quantitatively through thermal analysis of the particulate from a single-cylinder IDI diesel engine. Morphology was examined qualitatively by optical microscopy of the particulate collected onto Pallflex filters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999
EventInternational Congress and Exposition - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: Mar 1 1999Mar 4 1999

Other

OtherInternational Congress and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period3/1/993/4/99

Fingerprint

Vegetable oils
Particulate emissions
Lubricants
Engines
Diesel engines
Engine cylinders
Chemical analysis
Crude oil
Thermal barrier coatings
Thermoanalysis
Optical microscopy
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Weller, D. E., Swain, W. H., Hess, H., Boehman, A. L., & Perez, J. M. S. (1999). Changes in particulate composition and morphology when using of vegetable oil lubricant in a low heat rejection engine. Paper presented at International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-0975
Weller, David E. ; Swain, William H. ; Hess, Howard ; Boehman, André L. ; Perez, Joseph Manuel Sr. / Changes in particulate composition and morphology when using of vegetable oil lubricant in a low heat rejection engine. Paper presented at International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, United States.
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abstract = "Thermal barrier coatings have been shown to be effective at reducing particulate emissions from diesel engines. Prior work by the authors has demonstrated a significant decrease in particulate emissions from a thermal barrier coated, single-cylinder, indirect injection (IDI) diesel engine, primarily through reduction of the volatile (VOF) and soluble (SOF) fraction of the particulate. Most of this prior work relied on conventional, commercially available, petroleum-based lubricants. Recently, the authors demonstrated additional particulate emissions reductions when a high oleic sunflower-based lubricant was used instead of a conventional petroleum-based lubricant. This paper concerns the manner in which the particulate was reduced, and reports on the changes in particulate composition and morphology between the two lubricants. Composition was examined quantitatively through thermal analysis of the particulate from a single-cylinder IDI diesel engine. Morphology was examined qualitatively by optical microscopy of the particulate collected onto Pallflex filters.",
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Weller, DE, Swain, WH, Hess, H, Boehman, AL & Perez, JMS 1999, 'Changes in particulate composition and morphology when using of vegetable oil lubricant in a low heat rejection engine', Paper presented at International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, United States, 3/1/99 - 3/4/99. https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-0975

Changes in particulate composition and morphology when using of vegetable oil lubricant in a low heat rejection engine. / Weller, David E.; Swain, William H.; Hess, Howard; Boehman, André L.; Perez, Joseph Manuel Sr.

1999. Paper presented at International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Swain, William H.

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AU - Perez, Joseph Manuel Sr

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AB - Thermal barrier coatings have been shown to be effective at reducing particulate emissions from diesel engines. Prior work by the authors has demonstrated a significant decrease in particulate emissions from a thermal barrier coated, single-cylinder, indirect injection (IDI) diesel engine, primarily through reduction of the volatile (VOF) and soluble (SOF) fraction of the particulate. Most of this prior work relied on conventional, commercially available, petroleum-based lubricants. Recently, the authors demonstrated additional particulate emissions reductions when a high oleic sunflower-based lubricant was used instead of a conventional petroleum-based lubricant. This paper concerns the manner in which the particulate was reduced, and reports on the changes in particulate composition and morphology between the two lubricants. Composition was examined quantitatively through thermal analysis of the particulate from a single-cylinder IDI diesel engine. Morphology was examined qualitatively by optical microscopy of the particulate collected onto Pallflex filters.

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Weller DE, Swain WH, Hess H, Boehman AL, Perez JMS. Changes in particulate composition and morphology when using of vegetable oil lubricant in a low heat rejection engine. 1999. Paper presented at International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, MI, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/1999-01-0975