Four Holstein steers surgically prepared with a device for sampling from the portal vein were used to examine changes in concentrations of metabolites and insulin in portal blood with scheduled meals. The animals were fed a complete mixed ration (3.4 kcal/g digestible energy) twice daily at three intakes. Blood was sampled at 30, 15, 10, and 5 min before feeding and at 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, 60, and 120 min after feeding began. Average intakes of food at 30 min for the three intakes were 0 (control), 889 g (restricted), and 1425 g (fed). Packed cell volume increased rapidly within 15 min of initiation of the meal in fed steers, but the maximum change from pre-feeding was 6.6%. Insulin increased within 5 min with the restricted intake and at 15 min in fed steers. Portal volatile fatty acids and β-hydroxybutyrate also increased within 15 min of initiation of the meal in fed steers, and glucose tended to decrease after feeding. Certain metabolites and insulin of portal blood changed rapidly with feeding. Additional studies are required to establish any role of these blood components in the short-term control of feed intake in steers consuming concentrate feeds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology