To examine changes in self-reported anxiety during the course of a small group, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was administered at several times to 126 undergraduate participants in brief, leaderless sensitivity training groups. Groups differed in terms of members' interpersonal skills and instructions given prior to the group meeting. Trait anxiety remained stable over time while state anxiety decreased significantly. No effects were related to type of instruction but there was a significant Level of Interpersonal Skills * Anxiety interaction. The usefulness of the trait-state distinction and the interaction of individual differences and situational determinants of anxiety states are discussed. (15 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health