Characterising the U-Th-Pb systematics of allanite by ID and LA-ICPMS: Implications for geochronology

Andrew James Smye, Nick M.W. Roberts, Daniel J. Condon, Matthew S.A. Horstwood, Randall R. Parrish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Allanite has the potential to be a useful chronometer of crustal evolution, forming in response to a wide spectrum of metamorphic and magmatic conditions and incorporating weight-percent concentrations of LREE, Th and U. Despite its growing use in in situ U-Th-Pb geochronology, allanite reference materials lack sufficient U-Th-Pb isotopic characterisation and little is known concerning the response of U-Th-Pb systematics of allanite to hydrothermal alteration and self-irradiation. This contribution presents the results of a combined ID-TIMS and LA-ICPMS U-Th-Pb study on a suite of five allanite crystals, spanning ~2.6Ga and including three commonly-used allanite reference materials: the Siss, Bona and Tara allanites. Siss and Bona allanites preserve an inherited ca. 1Ga Pb component, consistent with the presence of xenocrystic allanite cores or the presence of zircon micro-inclusions. Tara allanite yields concordant U-Pb ages (407-430Ma), but is affected by Th/U fractionation, likely caused by hydrothermal alteration. Additionally, the tendency for Th to become mobilised post-crystallisation is further evidenced by two Precambrian allanite megacrysts, LE40010 (ca. 2.8Ga) and LE2808 (ca. 1.1Ga), that both exhibit discordant Th/Pb analyses, linked to the formation of thorite micro-inclusions along hydration pathways. Self-irradiation dose versus discordance relationships show that a percolation threshold is present in allanite at cumulative dose values close to 3×1017α-decayg-1, an order of magnitude smaller than zircon. Collectively, the presence of common-Pb and excess-206Pb, its susceptibility to incur Th/U fractionation and hydrothermal Pb-loss complicates the use of allanite as a geochronometer. These factors explain dispersion of ~4% in the isotopic compositions of Siss and Tara allanites measured by LA-ICPMS, providing a fundamental limit on the accuracy of the allanite chronometer using these reference materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume135
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2014

Fingerprint

Geochronology
allanite
Chronometers
geochronology
Fractionation
Irradiation
Crystallization
Hydration
Dosimetry
Crystals
hydrothermal alteration
Chemical analysis
irradiation
zircon
fractionation
crustal evolution
hydration
Precambrian
isotopic composition
crystallization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Smye, Andrew James ; Roberts, Nick M.W. ; Condon, Daniel J. ; Horstwood, Matthew S.A. ; Parrish, Randall R. / Characterising the U-Th-Pb systematics of allanite by ID and LA-ICPMS : Implications for geochronology. In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2014 ; Vol. 135. pp. 1-28.
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Characterising the U-Th-Pb systematics of allanite by ID and LA-ICPMS : Implications for geochronology. / Smye, Andrew James; Roberts, Nick M.W.; Condon, Daniel J.; Horstwood, Matthew S.A.; Parrish, Randall R.

In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 135, 15.06.2014, p. 1-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Characterising the U-Th-Pb systematics of allanite by ID and LA-ICPMS

T2 - Implications for geochronology

AU - Smye, Andrew James

AU - Roberts, Nick M.W.

AU - Condon, Daniel J.

AU - Horstwood, Matthew S.A.

AU - Parrish, Randall R.

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N2 - Allanite has the potential to be a useful chronometer of crustal evolution, forming in response to a wide spectrum of metamorphic and magmatic conditions and incorporating weight-percent concentrations of LREE, Th and U. Despite its growing use in in situ U-Th-Pb geochronology, allanite reference materials lack sufficient U-Th-Pb isotopic characterisation and little is known concerning the response of U-Th-Pb systematics of allanite to hydrothermal alteration and self-irradiation. This contribution presents the results of a combined ID-TIMS and LA-ICPMS U-Th-Pb study on a suite of five allanite crystals, spanning ~2.6Ga and including three commonly-used allanite reference materials: the Siss, Bona and Tara allanites. Siss and Bona allanites preserve an inherited ca. 1Ga Pb component, consistent with the presence of xenocrystic allanite cores or the presence of zircon micro-inclusions. Tara allanite yields concordant U-Pb ages (407-430Ma), but is affected by Th/U fractionation, likely caused by hydrothermal alteration. Additionally, the tendency for Th to become mobilised post-crystallisation is further evidenced by two Precambrian allanite megacrysts, LE40010 (ca. 2.8Ga) and LE2808 (ca. 1.1Ga), that both exhibit discordant Th/Pb analyses, linked to the formation of thorite micro-inclusions along hydration pathways. Self-irradiation dose versus discordance relationships show that a percolation threshold is present in allanite at cumulative dose values close to 3×1017α-decayg-1, an order of magnitude smaller than zircon. Collectively, the presence of common-Pb and excess-206Pb, its susceptibility to incur Th/U fractionation and hydrothermal Pb-loss complicates the use of allanite as a geochronometer. These factors explain dispersion of ~4% in the isotopic compositions of Siss and Tara allanites measured by LA-ICPMS, providing a fundamental limit on the accuracy of the allanite chronometer using these reference materials.

AB - Allanite has the potential to be a useful chronometer of crustal evolution, forming in response to a wide spectrum of metamorphic and magmatic conditions and incorporating weight-percent concentrations of LREE, Th and U. Despite its growing use in in situ U-Th-Pb geochronology, allanite reference materials lack sufficient U-Th-Pb isotopic characterisation and little is known concerning the response of U-Th-Pb systematics of allanite to hydrothermal alteration and self-irradiation. This contribution presents the results of a combined ID-TIMS and LA-ICPMS U-Th-Pb study on a suite of five allanite crystals, spanning ~2.6Ga and including three commonly-used allanite reference materials: the Siss, Bona and Tara allanites. Siss and Bona allanites preserve an inherited ca. 1Ga Pb component, consistent with the presence of xenocrystic allanite cores or the presence of zircon micro-inclusions. Tara allanite yields concordant U-Pb ages (407-430Ma), but is affected by Th/U fractionation, likely caused by hydrothermal alteration. Additionally, the tendency for Th to become mobilised post-crystallisation is further evidenced by two Precambrian allanite megacrysts, LE40010 (ca. 2.8Ga) and LE2808 (ca. 1.1Ga), that both exhibit discordant Th/Pb analyses, linked to the formation of thorite micro-inclusions along hydration pathways. Self-irradiation dose versus discordance relationships show that a percolation threshold is present in allanite at cumulative dose values close to 3×1017α-decayg-1, an order of magnitude smaller than zircon. Collectively, the presence of common-Pb and excess-206Pb, its susceptibility to incur Th/U fractionation and hydrothermal Pb-loss complicates the use of allanite as a geochronometer. These factors explain dispersion of ~4% in the isotopic compositions of Siss and Tara allanites measured by LA-ICPMS, providing a fundamental limit on the accuracy of the allanite chronometer using these reference materials.

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