The characteristics of multiple cascaded metasurfaces comprising H-shaped, magnetostatically controllable, subwavelength terahertz (THz) resonators made of InAs were systematically investigated, using a commercial solver based on the finite-integration method, for the design of tunable filters. Three configurations of the biasing magnetostatic field were compared with each other as well as with the bias-free configuration for filtering of normally incident linearly polarized plane waves. A close study of only one metasurface was found sufficient to broadly determine the sensitivity to the direction of the magnetostatic field and the bandwidth of a stopband. Furthermore, the effects of metasurface geometry and biasing field can be considered separately for initial design purposes. All features in the transmittance spectra for the bias-free configuration that are related to the number of cascaded metasurfaces are also observed when the biasing magnetostatic field is applied. The coupling of adjacent metasurfaces in a cascade is strongly affected by the relative permittivity and the thickness of the spacer between the two metasurfaces. The spectral locations of stopbands scale with respect to the spacer's relative permittivity, the scaling rule being different from a classical one. The stopbands are redshifted when the spacer thickness is increased, with the redshift dependent on the polarization of the incident plane wave. Inter-metasurface coupling and inter-resonator coupling on the same metasurface affect the spectral location of a stopband in opposite ways. On-off type switching can be obtained by changing the orientation of magnetostatic field. The elucidated characteristics are expected to be important for not only filters but also other tunable THz devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)