Characteristics of nitromethane for propulsion applications

J. Eric Boyer, Kenneth K. Kuo

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although hydrazine has been used for space thrusters for many years, recent environmental concerns have led to the need for its replacement for monopropellant candidates with high-performance and reduced toxicity. This has led to study of nitromethane (NM, or CH3NO2), which offers potential to meet that need. Nitromethane is a readily-available industrial chemical and has a wide variety of applications, including use as a solvent for chemical processing and analysis. The energetic nature of this compound also makes it useful as a liquid explosive and as a high-performance additive to fuel for internal combustion engines. As a storable high-energy monopropellant, it exhibits high specific impulse and has low toxicity. It also has a great potential to serve as the base for energetic gel propellants. To encourage and enable future propulsion studies, this paper summarizes much of the previous and current work, and collects many properties necessary for combustion and propulsion studies.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationCollection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
    Pages4271-4286
    Number of pages16
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
    Event44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2006 - Reno, NV, United States
    Duration: Jan 9 2006Jan 12 2006

    Publication series

    NameCollection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
    Volume6

    Other

    Other44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2006
    CountryUnited States
    CityReno, NV
    Period1/9/061/12/06

    Fingerprint

    monopropellants
    Monopropellants
    nitromethane
    propulsion
    toxicity
    Propulsion
    Toxicity
    energetics
    high impulse
    Industrial chemicals
    specific impulse
    internal combustion engines
    Hydrazine
    propellants
    hydrazines
    Propellants
    Internal combustion engines
    explosive
    Gels
    gel

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Aerospace Engineering

    Cite this

    Boyer, J. E., & Kuo, K. K. (2006). Characteristics of nitromethane for propulsion applications. In Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting (pp. 4271-4286). (Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting; Vol. 6).
    Boyer, J. Eric ; Kuo, Kenneth K. / Characteristics of nitromethane for propulsion applications. Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. 2006. pp. 4271-4286 (Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting).
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    abstract = "Although hydrazine has been used for space thrusters for many years, recent environmental concerns have led to the need for its replacement for monopropellant candidates with high-performance and reduced toxicity. This has led to study of nitromethane (NM, or CH3NO2), which offers potential to meet that need. Nitromethane is a readily-available industrial chemical and has a wide variety of applications, including use as a solvent for chemical processing and analysis. The energetic nature of this compound also makes it useful as a liquid explosive and as a high-performance additive to fuel for internal combustion engines. As a storable high-energy monopropellant, it exhibits high specific impulse and has low toxicity. It also has a great potential to serve as the base for energetic gel propellants. To encourage and enable future propulsion studies, this paper summarizes much of the previous and current work, and collects many properties necessary for combustion and propulsion studies.",
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    Boyer, JE & Kuo, KK 2006, Characteristics of nitromethane for propulsion applications. in Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, vol. 6, pp. 4271-4286, 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2006, Reno, NV, United States, 1/9/06.

    Characteristics of nitromethane for propulsion applications. / Boyer, J. Eric; Kuo, Kenneth K.

    Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. 2006. p. 4271-4286 (Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting; Vol. 6).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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    Boyer JE, Kuo KK. Characteristics of nitromethane for propulsion applications. In Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting. 2006. p. 4271-4286. (Collection of Technical Papers - 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting).