Characteristics of older adults and stages of change for dietary fat and fiber

S. Taylor-Davis, H. Smiciklas-Wright, Gordon Lee Jensen, R. Warland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to assess relationships between demographic, self-rated health and nutrition characteristics of older adults and their stages of change (S/C) for fat and fiber. The S/C model describes readiness to change behavior. For any specific behavior, individuals may be at one of five stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, or maintenance. Subjects (n=409) were free-living adults, 60 to 74y, who were randomly selected from a rural tertiary care hospital database. Data were collected by mailed survey. More than 70% of the subjects were in S/C categories which indicate readiness to change fat and fiber intake (i.e. contemplation, preparation, action). The following variables accounted for significant (p=.01) variation in S/C for fat: selfrated health and nutrition knowledge, perceived importance of a lowfat diet, weight management status, and following a special diet (R2=27, F=6.07, df=23, p=.000, anova) Those accounting for significant variation in S/C for fiber were self-rated nutrition knowledge and having made a lasting dietary change in the past five years (R2=. 14, F=2.58, df=23, p=.000). Identifying factors associated with readiness to change may be used in planning dietary interventions and counseling strategies. Supported in part by the Howard Heinz Endowment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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