A 25.5kDa class alpha glutathione S-transferase (GST) designated as microsomal Ya-GST or M-GSTA has been purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from human liver microsomes. Limited proteolysis, gel filtration chromatography followed by EDTA, and alkaline Na2CO3 treatments of microsomes indicate that the M-GSTA is intrinsic to the microsomes. Western immunoblot analysis revealed that human liver M-GSTA and the previously reported 17-kDa microsomal GST (FEBS Lett. 315 (1993) 77) did not have immunological cross reactivity. The enzyme showed conjugation activity towards substrates like 1-chloro-2,4-nitrobenzene (CDNB) and 7-chloro-4-nitrobenzo-2- oxa-1,3-diazole, and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), a genotoxic α,β-unsaturated aldehyde product of lipid peroxidation. In addition, the M-GSTA exhibited significant glutathione peroxidase activity towards physiologically relevant fatty acid hydroperoxides as well as phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxide, but not with H2O2. C-terminal amino acid sequence analysis revealed a high homology with the human liver cytosolic GST-A1 and A3 isozymes. Western immunoblot analyses of the microsomes prepared from human hepatoblastoma (HepG2) showed that the expression of this M-GSTA was induced upon treatment with such prooxidants as H2O2, suggesting that it may play an important role in the protection of cellular membranes from peroxidative damage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology