The effect of ACTH on the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II (I-A) glycoprotein by murine peritoneal macrophages was evaluated. ACTH suppressed the expression of I-A by macrophages in a time- and dose-dependent manner. ACTH mediated its effect by decreasing the level of I-A mRNA. ACTH suppressed the expression of I-A by macrophages from mice that are susceptible to the in vivo growth of mycobacteria but did not affect the expression of I-A by macrophages from Mycobacterium bovis strain (BCG)-resistant mice. The concentrations of ACTH required to suppress I-A expression were greater than that required for an effect on adrenal steroid production and may be related to the localized production of ACTH by lymphocytes and macrophages.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology