Characterization of etched electrochemical detection for electrophoresis in micron inner diameter capilliaries

Paula R. Powell, Lori A. Woods, Andrew G. Ewing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

An enhanced etched electrochemical (EC) detection technique has been developed for CE in micron inner diameter capillaries. The design improvements allow for better alignment between the capillary bore and the electrode. This new method involves utilizing a carbon fiber microelectrode and etching both the carbon fiber and the detection end of a micrometer-sized inner diameter capillary to limit dead volume and analyte diffusion at the amperometric EC detector. To understand the factors affecting enhanced detector efficiency, a detailed examination of the relationship between detector design and performance has been completed by exploring the effects of varying electrode diameter, tip shape, and size, in addition to the etch length of the capillary outlet. The enhanced detection provides peak efficiencies as high as 75 000 theoretical plates and estimated detection limits as low as 40 nM for dopamine. This etched detection method should further facilitate volume-limited sample analysis by CE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2540-2545
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Separation Science
Volume28
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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