Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications

A. Ankowski, M. Antonello, P. Aprili, F. Arneodo, A. Badertscher, B. Baiboussinov, M. Baldo Ceolin, G. Battistoni, P. Benetti, M. Bischofberger, A. Borio Di Tigliole, R. Brunetti, G. Bucciarelli, A. Bueno, E. Calligarich, F. Carbonara, M. C. Carmona, F. Cavanna, P. Cennini, S. CentroA. Cesana, D. B. Cline, K. Cieślik, A. G. Cocco, Z. Dai, C. De Vecchi, A. Da̧browska, A. Di Cicco, R. Dolfini, A. Ereditato, A. Ferella, A. Ferrari, G. Fiorillo, D. García-Gamez, Y. Ge, D. Gibin, A. Gigli Berzolari, I. Gil-Botella, K. Graczyk, L. Grandi, A. Guglielmi, J. Holeczek, C. Juszczak, D. Kiełczewska, J. Kisiel, T. Kozłowski, M. Laffranchi, J. Łagoda, B. Lisowski, J. Lozano, M. Markiewicz, A. Martínez De La Ossa, C. Matthey, F. Mauri, A. J. Melgarejo, A. Menegolli, G. Meng, M. Messina, C. Montanari, S. Muraro, S. Navas-Concha, J. Nowak, S. Otwinowski, O. Palamara, L. Periale, G. Piano Mortari, A. Piazzoli, P. Picchi, F. Pietropaolo, W. Półchłopek, M. Prata, M. C. Prata, P. Przewlocki, A. Rappoldi, G. L. Raselli, E. Rondio, M. Rossella, A. Rubbia, C. Rubbia, P. R. Sala, R. Santorelli, D. Scannicchio, E. Segreto, Y. Seo, F. Sergiampietri, J. Sobczyk, S. Stach, J. Stepaniak, R. Sulej, M. Szeptycka, M. Szarska, A. Szelc, M. Terrani, F. Varanini, S. Ventura, C. Vignoli, H. Wang, X. Yang, A. Zalewska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We carried out a careful evaluation of the performance of the large cathode area ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tube operating at cryogenic temperature. The measurements were focused on evaluating the parameters which mainly characterize the operating performances of the device down to 77 K and the spread of the distinctive features over 54 samples assembled in the ICARUS apparatus. The results that we obtained demonstrate that the photomultiplier is suited for light detection in such unconventional operating conditions, certifying this device for the direct measurement of scintillation light coming from noble-gas liquids in detectors dedicated to neutrino physics and dark matter research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-157
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume556
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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    Ankowski, A., Antonello, M., Aprili, P., Arneodo, F., Badertscher, A., Baiboussinov, B., Baldo Ceolin, M., Battistoni, G., Benetti, P., Bischofberger, M., Borio Di Tigliole, A., Brunetti, R., Bucciarelli, G., Bueno, A., Calligarich, E., Carbonara, F., Carmona, M. C., Cavanna, F., Cennini, P., ... Zalewska, A. (2006). Characterization of ETL 9357FLA photomultiplier tubes for cryogenic temperature applications. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 556(1), 146-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2005.10.108