Characterization of full set material constants of piezoelectric materials based on ultrasonic method and inverse impedance spectroscopy using only one sample

Shiyang Li, Limei Zheng, Wenhua Jiang, Raffi Sahul, Venkatraman Gopalan, Wenwu Cao

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23 Scopus citations


The most difficult task in the characterization of complete set material properties for piezoelectric materials is self-consistency. Because there are many independent elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants, several samples are needed to obtain the full set constants. Property variation from sample to sample often makes the obtained data set lack of self-consistency. Here, we present a method, based on pulse-echo ultrasound and inverse impedance spectroscopy, to precisely determine the full set physical properties of piezoelectric materials using only one small sample, which eliminated the sample to sample variation problem to guarantee self-consistency. The method has been applied to characterize the [001]C poled Mn modified 0.27Pb(In 1/2Nb1/2)O3-0.46Pb(Mg1/3Nb 2/3)O3-0.27PbTiO3 single crystal and the validity of the measured data is confirmed by a previously established method. For the inverse calculations using impedance spectrum, the stability of reconstructed results is analyzed by fluctuation analysis of input data. In contrast to conventional regression methods, our method here takes the full advantage of both ultrasonic and inverse impedance spectroscopy methods to extract all constants from only one small sample. The method provides a powerful tool for assisting novel piezoelectric materials of small size and for generating needed input data sets for device designs using finite element simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104505
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Sep 14 2013


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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