Characterization of gaseous species in scanning atmospheric rf plasma with transmission infrared spectroscopy

Seong Kim, Jeong Hoon Kim, Bang Kwon Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A scanning atmospheric radio-frequency (rf) plasma was analyzed with transmission infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The IR analyses were made for the plasmas used for hydrophobic coating deposition and superhydrophobic coating deposition processes. Since the rf plasma was generated in a small open space with a high gas flow rate in ambient air, the density of gas-phase molecules was very high and the plasma-generated reactive species seemed to undergo various reactions in the gas phase. So, the transmission IR spectra of the scanning atmospheric rf plasma were dominated by gas-phase reaction products, rather than plasma-generated intermediate species. In the C H4 He plasma used for hydrophobic coating deposition, C2 H6, C2 H2, and a small amount of C2 H4 as well as CO were detected in transmission IR. The intensities of these peaks increased as the rf power increased. The CO formation is due to the activation of oxygen and water in the air. In the C F4 H2 He plasma used for deposition of superhydrophobic coatings, C2 F6, C F3 H, CO F2, and HF were mainly detected. When the H2 C F4 ratio was ∼0.5, the consumption of C F4 was the highest. As the H2 C F4 ratio increased higher, the C2 F6 production was suppressed while the C F3 H peak grew and the formation of C H4 were detected. In both C H4 He and C F4 H2 He plasma systems, the undissociated feed gas molecules seem to be highly excited vibrationally and rotationally. The information on plasma-generated reactive species and their reactions was deduced from the distribution of these gas-phase reaction products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2008

Fingerprint

Infrared spectroscopy
radio frequencies
infrared spectroscopy
Scanning
Plasmas
scanning
Carbon Monoxide
Gases
vapor phases
coatings
Coatings
Infrared transmission
Reaction products
reaction products
Density of gases
Molecules
air
Air
gas flow
Flow of gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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abstract = "A scanning atmospheric radio-frequency (rf) plasma was analyzed with transmission infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The IR analyses were made for the plasmas used for hydrophobic coating deposition and superhydrophobic coating deposition processes. Since the rf plasma was generated in a small open space with a high gas flow rate in ambient air, the density of gas-phase molecules was very high and the plasma-generated reactive species seemed to undergo various reactions in the gas phase. So, the transmission IR spectra of the scanning atmospheric rf plasma were dominated by gas-phase reaction products, rather than plasma-generated intermediate species. In the C H4 He plasma used for hydrophobic coating deposition, C2 H6, C2 H2, and a small amount of C2 H4 as well as CO were detected in transmission IR. The intensities of these peaks increased as the rf power increased. The CO formation is due to the activation of oxygen and water in the air. In the C F4 H2 He plasma used for deposition of superhydrophobic coatings, C2 F6, C F3 H, CO F2, and HF were mainly detected. When the H2 C F4 ratio was ∼0.5, the consumption of C F4 was the highest. As the H2 C F4 ratio increased higher, the C2 F6 production was suppressed while the C F3 H peak grew and the formation of C H4 were detected. In both C H4 He and C F4 H2 He plasma systems, the undissociated feed gas molecules seem to be highly excited vibrationally and rotationally. The information on plasma-generated reactive species and their reactions was deduced from the distribution of these gas-phase reaction products.",
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Characterization of gaseous species in scanning atmospheric rf plasma with transmission infrared spectroscopy. / Kim, Seong; Kim, Jeong Hoon; Kang, Bang Kwon.

In: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, Vol. 26, No. 1, 14.01.2008, p. 123-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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