Characterization of in-situ ion irradiated Fe-21Cr-32Ni austenitic model alloy and alloy 800H at low doses

M. Ayanoglu, C. J. Ulmer, A. T. Motta

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The microstructural evolution of ternary Fe-21Cr-32Ni (21Cr32Ni) model alloy and of alloy 800H was investigated with a series of in-situ ion irradiation experiments performed using the Intermediate Voltage Electron Microscope (IVEM)-Tandem Facility at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Samples were irradiated in-situ with 1 MeV Kr++ ions in the temperature range of 50K to 713K to doses up to 2 dpa. The size distribution of defect clusters, average defect cluster diameter, and defect cluster density were measured and compared. Results showed that the evolution of defects (i.e. the average defect cluster size and number density) in 21Cr32Ni model alloy and alloy 800H with dose were similar at irradiation temperatures up to 300K where they initially increased with dose up to 0.1 dpa after which no significant changes in defect size and density were observed with further irradiation. In addition, both alloys exhibited ordered defect structures along the <100> direction at relatively low temperatures, up to 300K, which remained stable throughout post-irradiation in-situ thermal annealing up to a temperature of 773K. During irradiation at 713K, small defect clusters were observed at low doses (<0.1 dpa) in both alloys. However, at this irradiation temperature, the clusters in 21Cr32Ni grew with a faster rate than those formed in alloy 800H, causing the microstructure in the former to be dominated by numerous large dislocation loops having both {111}- and {110}-type habit planes, and in the latter to be dominated by small defect clusters and small {111}-type dislocation loops. This may indicate that defect trapping by the solute atoms in alloy 800H at 713K can slow point defect migration to defect clusters and limit their growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number153149
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
StatePublished - Nov 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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